ALL ABOUT THE KANGAL DOG: THE FINEST GUARDIAN DOG
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ALL ABOUT THE KANGAL DOG: THE FINEST GUARDIAN DOG

October 19, 2019


– [Announcer] Dogumentary TV. Producing the best breed
documentaries on YouTube. (dog barks) (slow country music) – My name’s Elizabeth Jensen. We are in Lexington, Kentucky,
at my husband and I’s farm, Evans Mill Cattle Company. We breed Black Angus cattle
and Sivas Kangal guardian dogs. (bluegrass music) I am on the board of directors of the Kangal Dog Club of America. I first learned about Kangals
back in the early ’90s. I was working for an
American company in Turkey, and we were doing some
manufacturing in the Sivas area, where the Kangals are originally from, and I was given a Kangal
by the people in that city, a Kangal puppy, which I
couldn’t keep at that time, because I was traveling all
over the world and working, and had always wanted,
at some point in my life, to have an opportunity to have a Kangal. The mission of our club is
to preserve the integrity of the Kangal breed in the United States, and to encourage responsible breeding. Our first priority is to maintain, or to breed sound healthy dogs, and we require that all
of our official breeders have hip x-rays on our dogs, that we do, we microchip the dogs, we have DNA testing for all of our dogs to keep
track of where they are, and to make sure they are up to standard. We require that all
breeders have a contract with the people that
they sell the puppies to, to make sure that they’re doing adequate, making responsible choices
in where the dogs are placed, because they’re not easy dogs
to manage, and people have been interested in them
for the wrong reasons. So, we really encourage
all of our breeders to make really good choices in
placing all of their puppies. The Kangal is an ancient
livestock guardian dog from the Sivas region of Turkey. They have been bred for hundreds of years to protect sheep from wolves
and bears, large predators. They were also family dogs that have also had been raised with
shepherds, even though they are comfortably
being out in the pasture, or on the range with your animals, they do need some kind
of human connection. That’s partly why they’ve been so valued and treasured in Turkey for so long, because of the connection
that the shepherds established with their dogs. Our farm is a little over 90 acres. We are very close to a nature sanctuary, and another very big farm, and
close to the Kentucky river, so we have a lot of wildlife
here other than our own cattle. It’s gently rolling, we
have two creeks that run through the farm, and we
have a lake here on the farm, and a lot of grass, and a lot of rock. We primarily bought the
Kangals the first time because of the black vultures,
so we have a growing problem in this part of the country
with the black vultures because they smell the
afterbirth of the calves, and they come in and attack the calves right after they’re born, and
they will peck their eyes out, or often they don’t kill
them, but you have to put the animals down
because they’re so hurt or disfigured from the
vultures, and they’re federally protected, so you’re
not supposed to shoot them. So, we use the Kangals as kind of a natural predator management. They scare the birds away, and
we do have a lot of coyotes, they’re not as big of
a problem for cattle, most of our cows are older
and not first-time mamas, so they’re more protective,
and they kind of group together when there’s any kind
of dogs or other kind of coyotes, or foxes, or anything out there, but the dogs have killed
quite a few of them, much to our neighbor’s
dismay, because the coyotes don’t come on our property anymore, they mostly are on our
neighbor’s property. Coyotes learn fast, and by
having just a dog here that will now bark, they usually will
go and find much easier prey. (slow country music) Kangals are such an amazing creature, they’re much more than just
a dog, they’re ancient souls. And for hundreds of years,
they lived in the mountains in Eastern Turkey,
protecting sheep from wolves and from bears, and I’d like to think that our farm here is more
similar to the terrain that the Kangal actually
historically was raised on. We have hills, and they
can sit on top of it, that they’ll watch the
farm and all the animals from a high point, but
that doesn’t have to be rolling hills, a lot of
people that have Kangals, you see pictures of them
all the time sitting on top of hay bales or climbing on the top of the roof of something
to get a high viewpoint, so they can keep an eye on everything. If they’re not naturally
on the top of the hill, they’ll find a way to
get to the highest point to keep on their herd or their flock. My husband grew up in
the South Central part of Kentucky on a cattle
farm, his father was a large animal vet, and he had cattle until he went away to college. And I grew up always wanting
to have a horse farm, and came to Kentucky to
be in the horse industry, and wanting to have a horse farm. We decided after we
got married that cattle was probably easier with both of our jobs, and work schedules, it was easier to have a cattle farm than a horse farm. (country music) I start every day about 5:30,
and go out every morning. We have cows in three different
fields here on the farm, and the first thing that
I do every morning is go check each field, make sure
all the cows that are there are supposed to be there, check if we have any babies from the night
before, and look at which cows are close to calving, make
sure nobody’s gotten hurt, or nothing unusual has happened
in the field overnight. Although someone had gotten
injured over the night, or if there was a calf born,
usually the dogs let us know, we’ll hear a little bit of barking. Like, we’ve just finished
calving season for the spring. I always make sure that
the dogs see me checking the cows first, so that
they understand that that’s what our priority
is here at the farm, and that’s their responsibility,
and we do our work first. And if all of the cows
are fine in the morning, then I go and feed the dogs, we go back to the little running shed, it’s
actually a horse running shed, but we’ve adapted it for
our dogs, and they have a place there where they
can eat, and have water, and the cows can’t get
into it, they can have their space when they
need it, but it’s also open enough so that they can keep an eye on their herd while they’re inside. The Kangals are used for a variety of different kind of livestock. Some are more adaptable than others. Historically, they’ve been used for sheep. We use them for cattle
because of the black vultures, and it’s easy because
the calves are so large, it’s much easier to just
let the dogs outside with them from a young age,
and we have had older dogs that all of our young
dogs can be mentored from, so they learn how to
behave around the calves, not to chase the calves. When a new baby is born, we make sure that a new dog that hasn’t seen a baby before, that we walk around the
calves, and they understand, they get to smell them, and we keep them on a leash so that they don’t attack them, or try to scare them or upset the mother until they learn how to
behave around the calves, but they really pick that up
pretty easy from other dogs. It’s similar with sheep,
one of the challenges is they’re so big, and you
can’t just put them with a new herd and assume
that they’re going to be okay without any kind of supervision. They really need supervision
until they’ve been through a calving season, or a lambing season, and understand how gentle
they have to be with the small newborn calves, or
lambs, or whatever it might be. A lot of people use them
with birds, with fowl. That’s a little more challenging, it’s not really natural for
a Kangal to protect a bird, and they often, they don’t
realize how strong they are, and they might be trying
to play with a chicken, and a chicken will peck
back at it in defense, and then it can get out
of control from there. But they are adaptable
to lots of different kind of livestock, it just
doesn’t come naturally. You have to, each different
livestock you introduce has to take time, and to learn
about how they can handle, and how they behave around different. Turkey primarily just
has sheep, there has been a very small beef industry there. Historically, the predators
are wolves and bears, primarily wolves, large predators. Kangals are very protective, and they will defend their herd, and do
whatever they need to do. Their primary defense, or their first line of defense is barking. They have a very strong deep
bark, and if the potential predator is not deterred by a
bark, then they will attack. They’re very large dogs, they
have a very strong bite force, they can be very, very protective. We don’t use the typical
Turkish spike collars here, because we don’t have
the kind of predators that the dog would need
to be defended against, we don’t have bears or wolves here, and also because the dogs
are playing with each other, particularly our young dogs,
they do a lot of play fighting, that’s how they learn, and we wouldn’t want them to actually hurt each other. One of the values of the
Kangal is their instinct, and their ability to sense a predator. Kangals can be capable of defending a herd of livestock against
mountain lions, wolves, but it’s not a job that
they can do on their own. It’s not a job that one Kangal can do, you need to really have a balance of size and number of predators
that are out there, and make sure that you have a
pack that works well together, that’s alert, and that’s
old enough, they need to be at least two years old
before you can put them in a situation where they would
encounter such large predators. I think the Kangals work
better in working pairs or packs, rather than individually. Partly because they’re
outside alone all the time, and need companionship, I think is an important issue for the
dogs when they’re outside. But also, when you have a pair, one dog can stay with the herd,
while the other dog patrols, and particularly if they hear
a noise, or see something, one can run off and check it
out, while the other one stays with the herd and tries
to keep the herd together. I think the best combination is one female and two neutered males. They can cover the most ground, and stay the most focused on their work in that kind of relationship, but I do think not working them alone, you have a much better success rate. We’ve found that it’s
easier to maintain packs with neutered males than
males that are intact because they tend to stay
more focused on their job, that they tend to wander less. You have the less risk of
unwanted litters showing up because you might have
a male that gets out, or someone else that gets
in, and when you have a farm, and you’re managing your own livestock, and managing multiple dogs,
it’s just one less challenge that you have to deal with every day. We don’t neuter our dogs
until they’re two years old. I think by that time,
they’ve developed enough. When you’re trying to run numbers of dogs, and have unaltered males,
they can be more dangerous. It’s a balancing act. (slow country music) The UKC is the official
registrar of the Kangal breed. The Kangal Dog Club of America
has a great relationship with them, they allow us to
be completely responsible for the standard of our dogs. We’re also allowed to
approve dogs that are imported from other countries,
they will accept the KIF, the Turkish standard, and the
FCI international pedigrees, with our approval for UKC registration. You probably see six or seven new dogs being imported to the
United States every year. One of our biggest challenges
for the Kangal registry is the small gene pool
that’s in the United States right now, so we’re very happy to be able to allow dogs imported
in the United States to be accepted into the UKC registry. The Kangal is a land race. It was very selectively
bred for hundreds of years to do a specific job. They were selected for
size, for temperament, for strength, but color,
color has also been a big part of the Kangal breed. There are some stories, or anecdotally, that they pick the lighter
dogs because you can see them at night, that you
can tell them from predators, but that has just been the
history and the tradition of the dog, they’ve always been
a tan color with black face, black ears, and they don’t
accept any brindle or any white above their elbows, or
white on their face. It has just been selectively maintained that way for many, many years. The Kangal standard is for
females 28 to 30 inches tall, and males 30 inches to 32 inches tall. They should be longer than
they are tall by standard. The females should be
between 90 and 120 pounds, and the males should be
between 110 and 145 pounds. Historically, there has
not been a disqualification for dogs that are too large,
but the Turkish Association recently is encouraging
people to breed smaller, and I was told that at the
last big show that they had in Sivas that a dog was turned
away because he was too big. So, they’re really encouraging keeping the breed a manageable size. The dogs that are here
on the farm are between 120 to 140 pounds, but most
of them are very young dogs, between a year and a year-and-a-half old, so they still have quite
a bit of growing to do, and the sire lines that
we’ve bred our dogs to are very big dogs
that are 150, 160 pounds. I’m really happy with
the size of our dogs, they’re a little bit bigger
than the breed standard. I think here in the United States, we need bigger dogs because we still have a very large cattle industry
in the United States, a very large sheep industry,
and with the release of wolves back into the population again, we need large dogs to
protect our livestock, and there is a growing need for those here in the United States, so I
think on the American side we’re trying to continue
to maintain the size. There was, I think, a lot
of hesitation in Europe, because people were crossbreeding
the dogs, or breeding them too big for reasons other
than livestock protection. My personal goal with our
farm is to not only maintain the genetics and the quality of the breed, but we’re really focused on maintaining the working heritage of the breed. When we have a litter
of puppies, I really try and find homes for them that
are in a working situation. They’re so valuable,
they make wonderful pets, but it’s so valuable the
wonderful skill that they have for it not to be utilized,
and even in Turkey today, there are fewer and fewer
farmers who are actually using the dogs to work in the
fields, and there are more and more being bred for security and for personal companions overseas and here. We really have a need for
them in the United States, with the farming industry
and the agriculture industry all across the country, and
I really like our work here at the farm to involve
creating good working dogs, and teaching people how to use them. I spend a lot of time going
to sheep and fiber shows, and livestock shows, and talking to people about how valuable Kangals
can be in working with their livestock, and
protecting their livestock. With the Kangal Dog Club of America, our goal is to really preserve
the genetics of the breed, and make sure that the
breeders that are out there are breeding quality dogs,
and responsible dogs. We do, in our organization,
also have a rescue arm, and the rescue arm of the
organization every year receives a lot of calls
from people who have gotten Kangals and realized after a year they’re just too much dog,
and they’re returning back to us to rescue them, or
someone who will think that they can breed
the dogs, and will have a litter of eight puppies,
and they’ll sell three, and then have five that they
have nothing to do with, and call us, and say, can
you take my five puppies? They’re not easy to place,
but we’re very careful in the farms and the places,
and the homes that we put the dogs in, and always
look for happy endings. (slow country music)

Only registered users can comment.

  1. We need bigger dogs because??? Her answer contradicts her concerns over the animal’s genetics. Not a lot of thought in her answer.

  2. Expect to pay up to $15,000 for a Kangal this dog is not for everyone you need to have room for it to be happy and land and a purpose for its life, my best friend is Georgian and his grandfather owns 2 Kangals it cost him a fortune considering they came from a really reputable breeder but his wool and livestock business has been great since none have been killed off by predators in his native town these dogs are truly amazing at what they do

  3. Even they are pretty big they have emotions like a little cat. When I got angry to him, he doesn't eat for a couple of days. Never get jealous of little kids, he always protects them. Greatest dog ever made in Anatolia.

  4. For those considering purchasing a Kangal for use on a small hobby farm or small homestead, please consider the following. Kangals have spent millennia being culled for open range predator protection by nomadic herding cultures where the flock migrates throughout the season. The dogs are not genetically coded to stay stationary, in a very small area comparitively speaking. Kangals are well known for large patrol areas on the outside of your livestock. There are exceptions but this breed seeks out predators to displace in ever widening circles depending on terrain and predator density. There are inside the flock type dogs that remain in the flock, perimeter dogs that work the edges of the flock out to a quarter mile or so, and roamers rangers that have wide patrol areas outside of the flock displacing predators up to five miles out. In my experience the Kangal most often is in the roamer ranger group. LGD'S are bred to be canine agressive to varying degrees as the PRIMARY PREDATORS ARE CANINES. If you are in an area where dogs pass by your property you are going to have problems. If you fail to contain your dog and it goes onto other people's property it may end up getting shot, or you may end up in court. Research your breeds, observe the parents, their previous offspring, SPEND TIME learning what breed is more suitable for your environment. You will save a lot of trouble for both yourself and the dog.

  5. My kangal I live in a 16 by 80 trailer got a fenced-in yard I live in a trailer court my dog has no problem it's all in your imagination anyone can raise the dog it's not the dog it's the owner Bing anishinabe cause advantage me and my dog are one

  6. I wonder how these dogs would do against feral hogs? In Texas, we are being overrun with feral hogs. I'm not talking about a catch dog situation. I'm talking about being a deterrent from hogs setting up shop on people's land.

  7. They don’t look like 100% pure bred kangals. I am dog expert and Turkish, the Anatolian shepherd gene is too high in these ones. I guess thats the closest your gonna get in the US

  8. we have a milanois boerboel mix.. if one wants a kangal from scratch, i think thats a good start.. not as big though, mine turned out fine, cause i chose the small one, figuring the other pups would be gigantic with small heads, i was right mine is a bit smaller but has nice ratio.. very fine dog, the whole nest has typicaly dog dominant behaviour, wich i guess is normal, though i think i failed him by skipping the social training cause i thought it was meant for me.. dealt with dogs forever so i skipped it.not the smartest thing.. dog has lose skin but not excessif, very powerfull, seems to apriciate all things quite.. doesn't like screaming and so hecan be bossy towards kids.. i tink he lacks adult self convidence fights everything without blinking.naturaly respects ahorse though… anyway nice farm.. great grass.. good land to cow ratio i quess.. .. great looking cows.. lovelydogs..great stuff..

  9. they breed the Kangal in this color so they blend in better with the sheep so predators have a harder time to detect the entire number of them resulting in a disadvantage for the predator.

  10. These dogs have been used as herd dogs for centuries. They don't take orders, someone doesn't train them. These dogs are not command dogs like other dogs. They are free-spirited steppe dogs. Happy in the mountains and in the field. Please see other dog types to feed at home and give commands.

  11. I want real big old looking strong kangals. No small kangal dogs. 740 bite. I want black face kangal dogs. From Turkey not us

  12. These dogs are cool but can be scary lol. I was in Turkey a couple years ago in the mountains. Suddenly my ATV stopped working and I was walking with it next to a small farm. A couple minutes later I saw a big herd of sheep and a Kangal saw me and he was staring at me and barking. I made sure to get away as fast as possible lol. This also happend when I was fishing with my dad in Turkey and we saw a big herd of goats with a farmer and a kangal. The kangal came running to me and he was circling me. My dad was like just put your fishing pole down, because it thinks that you want to play. I put it down and it worked. He got back to work with his herd.

  13. köpeklerimizi gavur memleketinize götürüp havan kaçakçılığı yapmayın sizden daha değerliler çünkü.
    götürüyorsanız da DNA sını bozmayın.herkes için söylüyorum.
    fakat bu videoda çok iyi bakıyorlar gerçekten olması gerektiği gibi yaşıyorlar.

  14. Just brought home our first kangal because our wonderful dept of fish and wildlife has been releasing wolves into western Washington state and they’re interbreeding with coyotes creating coy wolves.confirmed cow kill by a wolf already. The landowner subsequently shot three coy wolves but daddy is out there eating everything and spreading his genes

  15. OK Going to clear something up, the Turkish Karabash, Kangal, Anatolian Shepherd are all the same dog! Same breed, same DNA. The Anatolian Shepherd and Kangal are being marked on height charts with different placements because in the US some breed for size. Like the rottweiler its US counterpart is much bigger and more relaxed then the European rottweiler. The Kangal is going thought the same change.

  16. Thank you for the info. Very informative. Love the breed i always have had German shepherd s but really like kangals

  17. The nice thing with Kangal is there calm and relaxed behaviour my Kangal follow me around everywhere riding truck loaders etc as long as he he is close to me he is satisfied loves to run fast max speed upp to 50 kmph but he can run around 20 to 25 as a crusing speed. Good with children but he doesn't understand his size wants to be a lapdog .but a great dog a bit stubborn always thinks WY shall I do what you say before he does the command but very smart .

  18. There are maybe stronger breeds, but Kangal is most reliable, protective shepherd dog. They are not genetically engineered psycho type tho. they can be very bad if necessary.

  19. How dumb does that other rancher have to be he lives next to a board member of the kangal dog club and doesn't but a few

  20. We adopted a dog from a rescue they didn't know the breed but as she is getting older we think she might be a
    anatolian shepherd mix. She looks so much them.

  21. Yea not to sound like a hater but the ones in turkey look way better … they’re more bulky & a lil taller & have a more aggressive look

  22. I remember as a child on a vacation in Turkey…in the city Sivas driving through a village two Kangals chased our car. I was soo afraid, that the car occupants calmed me down.Nice memory yet 😅

  23. I've lived with a Kangal before in an urban setting. Sweetest dog ever. That being said, do you think that this is a breed that could ever be made to live harmoniously in a southern california situation? Even if socialized as a puppy?

  24. I've till now, never heard of this breed of dog. It's a truly magnificent canine, wow. I was glad to learn about this dog.Thanks

  25. Ich habe einen kangal /Schäferhund es sind alle positiven Eigenschaften in diesem wunderbaren Hund. Ich liebe ihn 😍

  26. I had two kangals when I was child, beautiful, respectful, strong, harmonic and thankfull dogs. They love children and very very very protective.

  27. Those turkish lions are the most beautiful dogs in the world. Surprisingly they are also very friendly.

  28. What's the difference between a Kangal and an Aksaray Malaklısı? Do they belong to the same breed? And do they belong to the Mastiff family?

  29. How do you work with the State of Idaho with their wolf problem watch the video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZdEufIke4XE

  30. I enjoyed this video. I ended up with a couple of Kangals when I went looking for dogs to keep watch over my goats and horses. It was kind of luck that I ended up with them, and now I am hooked for life. In 5 or 10 years when we move and expand our farm, I will definitely be adding more Kangal dogs to the family. Knowing how small the gene pool is in the US, I will definitely do some importing, in addition to supporting American breeders. Thanks for a great video about these amazing dogs.

  31. The people who gave her a puppy she couldn't keep obviously did not treat her in the horrible manner she treats her clients. No, smart people are not going to rent a dog from these elitist scum.

  32. Yanlız dikenli tasma taksalar daha güzel olur, bouşma esnasında köpeği korur, ve bebekken kulaklar kesilmeli,.

  33. So what do you do in Idaho with the wolves and the fact that the cattle are so traumatized by the constant attacks that the ranchers can not even bring dogs out on the range because the cattle chase them away. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZdEufIke4XE&t=3s

  34. It’s just a matter of time before they tweak these dogs so that they are inactive, adapted to apartment life.

  35. My yard is 70 ac is it good cuz I have a pitbull terrier and I'm gonna buy a little pup kangal wanna know if it's big enough

  36. actually your dogs are not original Kangal dogs…u r breeting them in another bigger one…as i got…the dogs origin-breed may be Kangal, but your dogs are not Kangal!

  37. i remember that day when turkish stole 4 of them from kurdistan it's pshdar not kangal turkish do that just to say it's natviely turkish what a liers

  38. kangals DNA 90 % like wolves thats why thay dont need training thay learn all from parents and naturel feeling . double feathers like wolves bear cuz this dog poor breed animal like wilde animals this is the reason thay need more freedom and very very brave dogs orginal real kangal never barking to much thay listen more and if u say i have a kangal this kangal must groweup in turkey mountain otherwise u have just family pupy . and pls cut ears cuz kangals fight wilde animals and wilde animals like wolves cayote bite first ears you gona help kangal if u cut ears

  39. I don't think it is as simple as adding 5 Kangals with spiked collars. I can see times when it might be better to have several different breeds of guard dogs working together because different breeds do different things. Great Pyrenees stay with the herd/flock. Kangals and Commodores will actively chase predators. We need to ranch much more like Europe. With ranchers with the cows/sheep to keep in constant contact with the herds. We can not turn the animals out and just assume they will be fine. Predators has as much right to be there as our herds.

  40. Around 1960s there was a virus that wiped out most dogs in Turkey around the region of Sivas where these dogs are originally from.when the number of kangals went down most farmers/breeders got kangals from sarounding villages to increase the number of dogs to continue the breed ,but majority of the dogs obtained were interbred with kangal looking dogs except only a few which were 100% pure bloodlines.many breeders still have the pure kangals in Turkey but most claim the bigger the better and charge alot of money for their pups cause their breed looks kangal and the dogs are big.Most dogs in this vid look kangal but not pure kangal.
    If you grab the ears and place it over their nose the colour has to be the same ( tip of the ears have to be the same colour as their nose saround)
    Every kangal needs to have the black marking in the middle of the tail where it starts curling and back legs mostly needs to have extra 2 nails on the side.
    The tounge will need to have black dot on the side also.The eye need to be dark the middle with a white saround similar toma human eye.Ifvthe eye hasnt got the white sarround this is the most obvious sign which identifies it not being a pure bred Kangal
    Dogs can be light medium dark or in colour not necessarily light cream with dark head.
    So the ones in this vid aren't 100% kangal but a mixture of breeds that is close to a kangal.

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