Horses for Kids | Animals for Kids | Pony, Mule, Donkey
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Horses for Kids | Animals for Kids | Pony, Mule, Donkey

October 20, 2019


These magnificent creatures are horses. They’re mammals like us. Horses evolved to be very fast runners, which
meant they could escape predators. Your average horse can run or gallop at around
44 kilometers-per-hour or 27 miles-per-hour. Speedy Race horses can run even faster! You’d think all that running around would
mean horses need to sleep a lot. But they don’t! Most horses sleep around 3 hours a day – usually
in short bursts of 10-20 minutes at a time. Horses can sleep standing up or lying down. When a horse sleeps standing up they lock
their legs to prevent falling over. It’s really more like dozing. When they need a deep sleep, they lie down
just like us. Horses have the biggest eyes out of any land
mammal. Their large eyes are located on the sides
of their head, which allows them to see 360 degrees – all around them! Galloping, sleeping standing up, and being
able to see in all directions helps keep horses safe from predators. Horses that are not domesticated are known
as wild horses. They live free in nature. They can be found galloping about all around
the world, but most live in North America. In fact, half of all wild horses in the United
States live in Nevada. They often travel in packs of 3 to 20. But most of the horses we know and love are
pets – or they work with people. It’s believed horses became domesticated
by humans around 4,000 years ago. Humans ride horses and ask horses to pull
heavy objects like carts. Horses were essential to human civilization
before the invention of the engine. Today they are used more for pleasure rides
and basic farm work. Some horses are very big. Other horses are tiny! The size of horses is measured with an unusual
unit: “hands.” One “hand” is 4 inches, so if a horse
is 15 hands that means it stands 60 inches or 5 feet tall. It may surprise you that such large animals
can be so graceful. Some of how a horse moves is inherited – horses
are born knowing how to walk and can run shortly after birth. Of course, it takes a long time for a new
little horse to be born. Horse pregnancies typically last 11-12 months. Baby horses are called “foals” until they
are 1 year old. There are all sorts of special names for horse
families. A female horse is called a “mare,” a male
horse is known as a “stallion,” a young female is called a “filly,” and a young
male is a “colt.” A mother horse is called a “dam,” and a father
horse is called a “sire.” Horse breeders can trace back the family tree,
or pedigree, of their horses for many generations. There are over 400 BREEDS of horses, but these
breeds can be grouped into 5 major TYPES of breeds. These 5 types are draft horses, light horses,
gaited horses, warmbloods, and ponies. Draft horses were bred by people to carry
and pull heavy loads. Draft horses are tall and strong. They are on average 16 hands and can carry
twice their weight for short distances. Their temperament is very calm. They are gentle giants! People bred Light horses for the opposite
reason of draft horses. Light horses are great for riding. They are known for their speed, agility and
endurance. They vary in size, weight, build and color. The only thing they share in common is their
ability to be trained “under saddle.” “Under saddle” means they can wear a saddle
that a person uses to ride a horse. Light horses are considered “hot blooded,”
meaning they have high energy and are easily excitable. Gaited horses are also bred for riding and
to be trained under saddle. They are known for their “smooth riding”. Gaited horses have three gaits – walk, trot
and gallop. In the past, gaited horses were considered
a “gentleman’s horse.” They were used by Military officers and men
of wealth. Warmbloods are bred to be a cross between
draft horses and light horses. They are tall, fast horses with a great temperament
and often dominate riding sports like dressage, jumping, harness and equestrian sports in
the Olympics. Ponies are the tiniest of horses. They are known for being under 14.2 hands. Ponies can also be used for riding, jumping,
pulling, plowing and more. They’re great little guys! All horses are vegetarian and are known as
grazers. Grazing means they like to nibble on food
like grass throughout the day. They also eat hay, grains and treats like
apples. Horses have to eat constantly because their
digestive system isn’t very efficient. The stomach of the horse is much smaller in
relation to the horse so they can’t eat 2-3 times a day like humans, instead they
need to eat small meals throughout the day. It’s all their stomach can handle! There are also “non-horse equines” or animals
that look like horses but aren’t exactly horses. However, these animals can breed with horses. These include donkeys and zebras. When a mare and a male donkey breed, the mare
gives birth to a mule. Mules can be domesticated and have been used
to pull freights in the old west. When a horse and zebra breed, they give birth
to a zorse. Zebras are very difficult to domesticate but
it is possible to domesticate a zorse. Both mules and zorses are sterile, meaning
they can’t have babies. AWww. they’re so cute. Did you ever see horses during a parade? Let’s have our own parade of horses! How many of these horse breeds do you know? American Paint Horse American Quarter Horse Andalusian horse Appaloosa Arabian horse Basque mountain horse Clydesdale horse Curly Horse Ethiopian horse Hanoverian horse Icelandic horse Lipizzan or Lipizzaner Mangalarga Marchador Miniature horse Misaki horse Morgan horse Mustang horse Namib Desert Horse Tennessee Walking Horse and finally, Thoroughbred What do you think of horses? Have you ever ridden a horse? How about a pony? What is another animal you want us to talk about? Let us know in the comment section below. We want to know what you think! Now it’s time to watch another video from
Socratica Kids all about animals. How about a video on owls or big cats?! Go ahead and click on one, you get to decide.

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  1. Here's a special challenge for you if you love COUNTING. How many horses are there in this video? Post your answer in the comments!

  2. Normal horses have 3 gaits: walk, trot, canter
    All horses can gallop, but Thorughbreds are breed for racing and galloping. Not just Thorughbreds are racehorses. Whichever horse can be a racehorse if they have the ability. If a horse have train for racing, they call racehorses. Just for racehorses (if they "running") use we this word: gallop. If other horses "running" any fast, we use the word: canter.

  3. The laying down bit! My pint proven!!! Tysm!! Every non equestrian is always yelling at me saying horses stand up sleeping, but I’ve seen my own horse sleep laying down!

    Adding another horse; my own pony’s breed: Welsh Ponies 😀

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