Cow is an integral part of Indian culture and rituals since ancient times Cow has the direct influence and we can say that it is the source of Indian culture. Human civilization has begin when man quit his hunting lifestyle and started agriculture. Cow played a major role in the evolution of human civilization It is not wrong to say that, human civilization developed rapidly and cultural evolution took place with the help of cow. Mother cow is considered as the greatest blessing of god to mankind We can not imagine the life of our ancestors without cattle. . Cows have been helping mankind in an inexplicable ways by fulfilling all major requirements of rural people Cow was the backbone of life of Indians as it was used in ploughing, transportation, milk, fuel, trading etc. In India cow is like a family member.. People had the belief that evil spirits will not enter the house when there are cattle at home. Even today, we can see that cow is the central part of rural society in many parts of India. But due to rapid mechanization process which is taking place in agricultural sector, the use of cow in agriculture is gradually decreasing. Because of the government policies and effect of white revolution, people tend to raise imported cow breeds like Jersy. This resulted in decline of many native cattle breeds in India. If the same trend continues, there are the chances of extinction of pure Indian cow breeds in a near future. The purpose of this video presentation is to explain the significance of cows in Indian culture … … and traditions where it is considered as sacred. Cow is another name for sattvik power. Cow has an enormous characters of sattvik power. No evil spirits can come nearer to cow. This is the reason, Indians have the ritual to led the cow into the house during house warming ceremony. Gou pooja Cleanses the newly built house with the possible bad elements. Today population of foreign cows has drastically increased in india, which resulted in the decline of native cow breeds Foreign breeds are not so helpful for farmers in ploughing works. Keeping all these points in mind, It is better to protect native cow breeds. Protection of Indian cow breeds means protection of our culture. Cow has been the indispensable part of Indians and has a special place in the life and culture of Indians since time immemorial. There are many scriptures, sculptures and evidences to prove that… …cow was the central part of life during Vedic time and Harappa civilization. Cattle are considered sacred in Hinduism and Jainism. . Of all beings, the cow is treated as the most sacred and sanctified in India. This sense of the unique sacredness of the cow is expressed in the works of ancient Indian Rishis… …like in the Vedas, as well as in later literature and folklore. In the Rig Veda, the cows figure frequently as symbols of wealth.. …and also in comparison with river goddesses. As per Atharvana Veda Cow’s body is represented by various devas and other subjects In the Brahma-samhitha it is said that the Lord Krishna in His transcendental abode Goloka Vrindavana … is accustomed to herding the surabhi cows. . Other scriptures identify the cow as the “mother” of all civilization,… …for its milk nurturing the population. The milk of a cow is believed to promote Sattvic (purifying) qualities. The ghee (clarified butter) from the milk of a cow is used in ceremonies and in preparing religious food Cow dung is used as fertilizer, as a fuel and as a disinfectant in homes. Its urine is also used for religious rituals as well as medicinal purposes. Kamadhenu, the miraculous “cow of plenty” and the “mother of cows” in Hindu mythology … … is believed to represent the generic sacred cow, regarded as the source of all prosperity All the gods are believed to reside in her body. In the Bhagavata Purana, Surabhi is the name of the cows which exist in the spiritual planets and are especially reared by Krishna. According to one Purana, the cow is the mother and the bull is the father of the human being. The cow is the mother because just as one sucks the breast of one’s mother, human society takes cow’s milk Similarly, the bull is the father of human society because the father earns for the children just as the bull tills the ground to produce food grains. because cow is the central part of rural life where it helps in agriculture, transportation, food, medicine, sports, religious functions, economy, etc. Cow is the mother of the universe (Gavo Vishwasya Matharaha) There are many references to cow in Vedas. Cow is the mother of the universe (Gavo Vishwasya Matharaha) We drink our mother’s milk for about a year after birth. Later we drink cow’s milk for life long. All devatas dwell in the body of cow from head to toe The sattvik characteristics of cow is explained in Vedas. The Cow was also venerated by Mahatma Gandhi. He said: “I worship it and I shall defend its worship against the whole world,” , “The central fact of Hinduism is cow protection.” He regarded her better than the earthly mother, and called her “the mother to millions of Indian mankind.” He also said that, Mother cow is as useful dead as when she is alive. The cow has been the symbol of wealth since ancient days. In the olden days cattle being limited to selected few fortunate folks, the cows enjoyed the status that gold or money enjoys today. One who owns maximum cows was considered as the lord. At that time, people used to organize fairs to sell and buy the cattle. That practice has been continued, and even today… , yearly cattle fairs are being organized in many parts of India. In Siddaganga mutt near Tumkur, cattle fair has been organized since centuries.. Farmers from Tumkur and adjoining districts and Andhra pradesh state bring their cattle for trading. Now it is the responsibility of the government to conserve native cow breeds like Hallikar, Amruth mahal. Population of Native cow breeds has declined due to various problems in rural areas I urge the government to support farmers who are conserving Indian Cow breeds.. As mentioned earlier, cow has been considered as sacred in Indian society There are many cows freely roaming in the busy streets of Indian cities. Indians respects these cows by gently touching them and doing namaskar. They believe that it is a good luck to see the face of cow early in the morning. Cow has been worshipped in many occasions and festivals. In south India, Sankranti, also called Pongal, is devoted to cattle. During Sankranti festival, people decorate their cattle with colorful items and perform puja Variety of cattle sports are arranged during this festival. Cattles are worshipped even during deepavali festival in many parts of India. There is a belief that worshipping cow gives prosperity and health since cow represent goddess Lakshmi, a goddess of wealth and prosperity. Mother cow is as important as our own mother Whoever worships mother cow Whoever offers gograsa (food) to cow… … will get the blessings of all Devatas.. So, worship our mother cow, and have blessings.. Giving away cow as gift is considered as the highest form of gift. Hindus believes cow as a moving temple, being abode of thirty three crore Gods of the Hindu pantheon. Due to immense medicinal value of its products such as milk, curd, butter, urine, dung, etc., Indian cow is also considered as a moving medicinal factory. Hinduism is based on the concept of omnipresence of the Divine, and the presence of a soul in all creatures, including bovines . The cow and bull represent the symbol of Dharma, reverence for cows and bull is the major texts of the Vedic religion. Today, in India and Nepal, cow milk holds a key part of religious rituals . For some, it is customary to boil milk on a stove as part of a housewarming ceremony. cows often roam free, even along busy streets in major cities of India and Nepal. it is considered good luck to give one a snack, or fruit before breakfast. In many temples of India, decoration of idol with cow butter is considered as the way of pleasing god. Pure cow milk is one main item among other auspicious things to perform Abhishekam, The Indian cow belongs to Bass Indicus variety. High shoulder, flappy under-neck, and Suryaketu nerve on the back are easy differentiators of the variety. Indian cows are born with immunity to diseases. There is no difference between the ones grazing in the fields or kept in the sheds. This reduces the expenditure on their medical care For this reason, America and Europe import Indian cows, cross breed with local variety to improve their immunity. Indian ox has strong muscles and long legs They work for long hours in difficult conditions. High shoulder holds the plough well. In this way, they fulfil the requirements of the farmers like ploughing, transporting, etc. India has 37 pure cattle breeds. Some of these are known for their milking prowess Indian cow breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Sindhi etc, are milk breeds. Other breeds also can give good yield if they are taken care of properly.. Dear viewers, Indian cow is helpful in many ways. Now, it is our moral responsibility to protect these native cow breeds.. Come, let’s join hands in conserving and protecting Indian cow breeds…. … which could be the greatest gift to our future generations..