Most ANCIENT Dog Breeds That Still Exist Today!

October 15, 2019

From gifts from Aztec gods to reincarnations
of the Dalai Lama, here are 10 of the most ancient dog breeds that are still with us
today! 10. Chinese Shar-Pei The Chinese Shar-Pei are thought to have originated
in Tai Lin, China, and are easily recognized by their deep set wrinkles and bluish-black
tongue. They were named in 1978, as one of the world’s
rarest dog species by Time magazine, and while the American Kennel Club only recognized them
as their 134th confirmed breed in 1992, they are thought to be one of the oldest breeds
in the world. The first known records of Shar-Pei have been
found among artefacts that date back to the Han Dynasty Period, about 220 BC, with tomb
statues and clay figurines that resemble them very closely. Very little is known about China’s history
with the Shar Pei from that time, but a 13th century Chinese manuscript was recently uncovered
which also mentions the Shar-Pei. They were a popular breed in the region through
the 18th century, but their numbers dropped in the 20th century when people chose more
ferocious dogs that were being imported from the rest of the world. Nowadays, they are making a comeback, but
as is the case with many breeds of dogs they have been bred to exaggerate their features
to make them more appealing. The extremely wrinkly, wide headed and deep
set eye types that you may see today are a far cry from the lean, small wrinkled Shar-Pei’s
that were popular in China. But it has been a couple of thousand years… 9. Basenji With a name meaning “dog of the bush”,
the first mention of Basenjis by European travellers came in 1895 where they were found
being used by locals in the Congo. They were prized for their intellect, speed,
bravery and silence, and even had to wear bells so their owners knew where they were
in the dense jungle. Otherwise they could just sneak up on you! Evidence suggests, though, that the breed
has existed alongside humans for far longer than this- with carvings found in Egyptian
tombs depicting dogs with very similar features. Basenjis are very energetic dogs, and are
one of the smallest breeds of hounds- weighing about 24 pounds when fully grown. They have excellent eyesight and a strong
sense of smell, and have large ears that stand on end when alert. They are very protective with their family,
but not so much towards strangers- and are often referred to as being cat-like because
of their fondness of climbing to high places and self-grooming. 8. Lhasa Apso Lhasa Apsos originated in Tibet, and are named
after Lhasa, the Tibetan capital city and, unsurprisingly, their word for “bearded”. They weigh, at most, 14 pounds, and have very
distinctive coats that only fully form in adulthood. My parents had one and they loved it, although
it was very independent! They are thought to have been domesticated
as a pet as long ago as 800 BC, which makes it one of the oldest recognized breeds in
the world- meaning it has strong genetic links with the ancestral wolf. They live for a long time, more than 20 years
in some cases, and were used in Tibet as companions for monks in Buddhist monasteries and acted
as sentinels that would alert the monks to any intruders. Historically it was not possible to purchase
a Lhasa Apso, you could only receive one as a gift, and they were very closely tied with
religion. It was believed that their bodies could be
inhabited by the souls of Lamas, the Tibetan Spiritual Master, while they awaited their
rebirth. The first pair of Lhasa Apsos arrived in the
U.S as a gift from Thubten Gyatso, the 13th Dalai Lama, to an American explorer who was
the first Christian to enter the Tibetan Holy City, in 1933. And now for number 7, but first be sure to
subscribe and click the bell to join our notification squad!! 7. Afghan Hound Afghan Hounds come from the cold mountains
of Afghanistan, and have developed their signature thick, flowing coats as a result. Their isolation in the mountains, and use
by humans as shepherding and hunting dogs, has meant that they have a high breed purity,
because there wasn’t much of an opportunity for them to encounter other types of dog. It used to be completely prohibited to export
the hounds from their home country, where they have been living with humans for a very
long time. They are depicted in cave paintings in the
mountains that have been dated back to more than 4000 years ago, and they can also be
seen in some examples of Egyptian Papyrus. Afghan Hounds typically grow to weigh up to
64 pounds, and come in a wide range of colors. They are notoriously slow to train, though,
so if you’ve fallen in love with their long flowing hair, you’ll need to be very patient
if you’re going to get one. 6. Chow Chow Despite their cute appearance, Chow Chow’s
have been used as working dogs for a long time. It’s known that they existed in China 2000
years ago and they were described as heavily built dogs with harsh coats, straight hind
legs and blue tongues. Some theories think they arrived in China
long before then, along with the Mongols when they invaded the region 3000 years ago. They have been found represented in pottery
and sculptures of the Han Dynasty, similar to the Shar-Pei, and were also a popular breed
in Tibet. Long thought of as a hunting dog because of
their ability to track larger animals like wolves and leopards, they were also used to
pull sleds, and to guard livestock. Chow Chow’s were also bred for their fur,
and their meat is still considered a delicacy in some parts of China to this day. They first made their way over to Europe in
the 1800’s on clipper ships, and Queen Victoria was given one as a gift- reportedly taking
it with her wherever she went. They then made the transition across the Atlantic
to America, with the American Kennel Club registering approximately 10,000 new puppies
every year. 5. Akita Inu The Akita Inu originates from the mountainous
regions of Japan. There are actually two forms of the breed,
the Inu that is a Japanese strain, and the American Akita. Japanese Akitas only come in a narrow range
of colors and have a short double-coat, but American Akitas come in all varieties. They are powerful dogs, which is why they
have been a popular animal for Japanese people over generations. Early records from about 900 years ago show
how they were highly prized as hunting and fighting dogs, as well as sources of nutrition,
often regarded as “good eating”. There was a time in Japanese history where
only a ruler was allowed to own an Akita, and they would wear a collar that represented
their owners’ rank. Their popularity has risen and fallen over
the years, but at the beginning of the 20th century they became prized around the world
as a result of Emperor Taisho’s fondness of them. Today you’ll find them all over, where they
are valued for their loyalty, power, and independence. The AKC do not recommend this breed for first
time owners, as they can be quite temperamental and very dominant. 4. Xoloitzcuintli (show-loh-eets-kweent-lee) Also known as the Mexican Hairless Dog, which
is also much easier to say, is one of the few breeds of hairless dog. The name is a combination of Xolotl, the Aztec
god, and Itzcuintli, the Aztec word for dog. The fact the Aztecs named this breed gives
an idea to quite how old the breed is, with some estimates suggesting it’s well over
3,500 years old. It is thought that they were brought over
to the Americas from the Asian continents, and became valued parts of the societies that
made the countries their homes until the Europeans arrived. They are extremely easy going and comforting
dogs, and those who chose one as their companion were said to bring upon themselves the favor
of the gods. Their remains have been found in burial chambers
from the Aztec times, where they were often sacrificed alongside their owners to assist
them with their travels to the underworld. They were mentioned in Columbus’ earliest
journals of his findings when he set foot in the Americas, before taking specimens back
to Europe with him where he knew people would be amazed by their hairless appearance. Today, Xolo’s are still tightly linked with
Mexico, and it is the official national dog of the country. It’s quite uncommon to see them in the US
or Europe, though, so you should feel honored if you see one! 3. Pekingese The Pekingese is another breed of longhaired
dog that originated in China, thought to date back more than 2,000 years. Their manes and similarities to lions led
to them being referred to as Lion Dogs, and they held royal status with the ancient dynasties-
for a long time only members of the Chinese Imperial Palace were allowed to own them. Eventually other rich members of society were
allowed to have them, and they were a favorite choice of monks who wanted companionship in
the temples. They were taken to Europe in 1860 during the
Second Opium War when 5 of them were stolen from a palace, and Empress Dowager Cixi gave
one to several important American figures, including Theodore Roosevelt’s daughter. They were first recognized by the AKC in 1906,
but it was only during the economic boom in the US following the second world war that
large numbers were bred and they became increasingly in demand. Of the 178 purebred dogs, according to the
AKC, Pekingese are the 80th most popular. 2. Saluki Saluki are also known as the Persian Greyhound,
and originally came from around the Nile valley in an area known as the Cradle of Civilization-
where human civilization is thought to have emerged. Having come from such an area, it’s perhaps
no surprise that they’re thought to be one of the oldest dogs still present on earth. There are pottery specimens decorated with
dogs thought to be Saluki, or their ancestors, from Mesopotamia dated at over 6,000 years
old. They were depicted on Egyptian tombs from
the Middle Kingdom onwards, about 2000 BC, and became increasingly popular in Egyptian
art. Thought of as the Royal Dog of Egypt, mummified
remains of Saluki were found in the tombs of some Pharaohs. It wasn’t just the Egyptians who revered
them for their hunting abilities, with records from Greece, Persia, and the Middle East depicting
their importance. Their name comes from the long lost Arab city
of Seleucia, and today these elegant hounds are a popular pet, and star attraction at
any show they go to. 1. Siberian Husky The Siberian Husky might just be the oldest
dog breed in the world. While they are commonly bred across cold regions,
they have been traced back to Zhokhov Island in Siberia. Here, evidence of domesticated dogs over 9,000
years old have been found, where they would have been used as hunting and sled dogs. This was an important way of survival back
then in the harsh weather conditions of the region, and the dogs would have been an invaluable
tool. The breeds used back then had the same traits
as the Siberian Husky, and while it is a modern day version of what was present back then,
it is very closely related to them. They are thought to have been developed by
the Chukchi people of Siberia, who brought them to Alaska in 1908 for sled-dog racing,
which is when the world first became aware of them. They were known as Chuckchis, but because
of their ability at racing they were taking to the US, where they were renamed as Siberian
Huskies. Nowadays their appealing looks, affection
and loyalty have made them an extremely popular breed, and amazingly they haven’t changed
much over the years. Thanks for watching! Do you have any of these dogs? Let us know in the comments below! Be sure to subscribe and see you soon! Byeee

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