Poultry Production from Start to Finish
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Poultry Production from Start to Finish

August 29, 2019


>>THE VIRGINIA HORSE INDUSTRY BOARD AND THE VIRGINIA CHRISTMAS TREE GROWER’S ASSOCIATION ARE PROUD SPONSORS OF “VIRGINIA FARMING.”>>THIS PROGRAM IS BROUGHT TO YOU BY THE VIRGINIA FARM BUREAU. LARGE OR SMALL, VIRGINIA FARMERS WORK YEAR ROUND TO HELP PUT FOOD ON YOUR TABLE, AND FARM BUREAU WORKS YEAR ROUND TO HELP FARMERS AND ALL VIRGINIANS. FARMING — IT’S ALL GOOD. TO LEARN MORE, GO TO VAFARMBUREAU.ORG.>>HI EVERYBODY, WELCOME TO “VIRGINIA FARMING.” I’M AMY ROSCHER. TODAY WE ARE TAKING A LOOK AT THE POULTRY INDUSTRY. POULTRY IS VIRGINIA’S LARGEST COMMODITY, AND IT’S ROCKINGHAM COUNTY THAT WAS ONCE KNOWN AS THE TURKEY CAPITAL OF THE WORLD. IN FACT, TODAY’S MODERN POULTRY PRACTICES OF USING BROODER HOUSES INSTEAD OF A FREE RANGE WAS STARTED BY R.B. STRICKLER AND CHARLES WAMPLER, SR. OF HARRISONBURG. WE WERE GIVEN THE UNIQUE OPPORTUNITY TO SEE THE POULTRY PRODUCTION PROCESS FROM START TO FINISH, AND TODAY WE SHARE THAT WITH YOU. THEN CHRIS MULLINS SHARES TIPS ON GROWING HEARTY MUMS, FROM THE GROUND UP, AND OF COURSE, WE’LL HAVE A MINUTE IN THE FIELD VIDEO. ALL OF THAT, COMING UP ON THIS VIRGINIA FARMING. ♪ ♪ EGGS, CHICKENS, AND TURKEYS IN ROCKINGHAM COUNTY GREW FROM THE CURIOSITY, INGENUITY, AND BUSINESS SAVVY OF FEED COMPANY OWNERS R.B. STRICKLER AND CHARLES W. WAMPLER, SR. CHARLES W. WAMPLER, SR. WAS THE FIRST TO HATCH A TURKEY IN AN INCUBATOR, EARNING HIM NOTE AS THE “FATHER OF THE TURKEY INDUSTRY.” DESPITE A LACK OF INTEREST AND NAY-SAYERS, BOTH STRICKLER AND WAMPLER STARTED RAISING POULTRY IN CONFINEMENT AND HAD CONTRACTS WITH POULTRY GROWERS TO ENHANCE THEIR FEED BUSINESS, WHICH WAS A NEW CONCEPT AT THAT TIME. THEY BECAME AMONG THE FIRST TO OFFER POULTRY FARMERS A CONTRACT TO GROW BIRDS FOR THEM, EXTENDING CREDIT FOR THE FEED AND SOME STARTUP COSTS. THE BIRDS WERE THEN SOLD TO LIVE HAULERS WHO TOOK THEM TO CITY MARKETS. OVER THE DECADES, THE STRICKLER AND WAMPLER FAMILIES OBSERVED TRENDS AND ADOPTED NEW METHODS WHEN BUSINESS DEMANDED IT, AND HELPED ADVANCE THE INDUSTRY INTO THE MODERN ERA, FREELY SHARING THEIR INNOVATION LOCALLY AND NATIONALLY. FUN FACT: IN THE 1930’S WHEN CHARLES W. WAMPLER SR. WENT TO THE BANK TO GET A LOAN TO GROW HIS TURKEY BUSINESS, THE BANK TURNED HIM DOWN BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T SEE ANY FUTURE IN TURKEYS. TEN YEARS LATER, HE NOT ONLY HAD A THRIVING TURKEY OPERATION BUT HAD BECOME PRESIDENT OF THAT BANK! IN ITS EARLIEST DAYS, FARM WIVES WORKED TO ENSURE THEIR EGG SUPPLY, NOTING WHICH FEED COMBINATIONS PRODUCED THE HEALTHIEST, MOST PRODUCTIVE BIRDS, AND THEN BREEDING THEM FOR EVEN BETTER EGG PRODUCTION. AS SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE SPREAD FROM LAND-GRANT COLLEGES LIKE VIRGINIA TECH THROUGH THE COUNTY EXTENSION SERVICE, FARMERS ADOPTED MODERN PRODUCTION METHODS TO INCREASE PRODUCTION OF BOTH EGGS AND CHICKENS. THIS IS A BREEDER HOUSE.>>I’VE BEEN IN THE POULTRY INDUSTRY FOR ABOUT 25 YEARS. WHEN I GRADUATED FROM VIRGINIA TECH, I NEEDED SOMETHING TO COME BACK INTO. POULTRY SEEM THE MOST VIABLE OPTION TO GET INTO. YOU NEED ABOUT 10 ACRES. THAT’S ABOUT ALL YOU NEED. I WAS ON A DAIRY FARM — I KIND OF IT RIGHT IN.>>BASICALLY, I WAS RAISED ON THE POULTRY FARM. MY GRANDFATHER WAS RAISING TURKEYS AND I WOULD FOLLOW ALONGSIDE AND I JUST FELL INTO IT.>>IT’S THE ONLY THING I REALLY ENJOY DOING. I ENJOY BEING WITH THE ANIMALS AND WORKING ON THE LAND. MY GRANDFATHER MOVED HERE TO WEST VIRGINIA. HE STARTED A POULTRY FARM.>>[INAUDIBLE]>>THIS WILL BE THE 28TH YEAR I’VE BEEN RAISING TURKEYS. I WAS AN EDUCATION FOR FOUR YEARS AND IN 1988, I STARTED FULL-TIME HERE. MY FIRST HOUSE WAS BUILT IN 86. POULTRY WAS JUST A NICE FIT. THE EARLY GENERATION USED TO RAISE THINGS THE HARD WAY AND IT WAS REALLY HARD WORK. THE BOTTOM LINE IS I LOVE AGRICULTURE. I CHOSE THE LIFESTYLE THAT FIT FINANCIALLY. YOU HAVE A LOT OF ASSETS, I WOULD SAY. IT’S SOMETHING I CAN SAY EVERY MORNING THAT WHEN I GET UP, I ENJOY WHAT I DO.>>THIS IS A BREEDER HOUSE. THE ROOSTERS FERTILIZE THE EGGS IN THE HENS. LATER, THE HENS HOP UP ON THE PLATFORM AND GO INTO A NEST WHERE THEY LAY THE EGGS. THE FERTILIZED EGGS ARE SORTED AND PLACED IN TRAYS FOR PICK UP. THERE ARE 2 MILLION EGGS DELIVERED TO THIS HATCHERY EVERY WEEK. THIS IS ONE OF 8 HATCHERIES IN VIRGINIA. THE EGGS WE BUY AT THE GROCERY STORE ARE NOT FERTILIZED AND ARE PRODUCED BY LAYING HENS. THE EGGS IN THESE HATCHERIES ARE FERTILIZED EGGS THAT WILL HATCH INTO BROILER CHICKENS TO BE PROCESSED FOR MEAT. TWO DAYS AFTER ARRIVING, THE EGGS ARE MOVED INTO INCUBATORSWHERE THEY STAY FOR 19 DAYS. THE EGGS ARE ROTATED 45 DEGREES EVERY HOURMUCH LIKE A HEN WOULD MOVE THEM IN A FARM SETTING. ROTATING THE EGGS KEEPS THE EMBRYO FROM STICKING TO THE SIDE OF THE SHELL. AFTER 19 DAYS, THE EGGS ARE MOVED TO THE HATCHING ROOM. 21 DAYS AFTER ARRIVING, THE BABY CHICKS HATCH. MACHINES HELP SEPARATE THE CHICKS FROM THE SHELLS. THE CHICKS ARE THEN COUNTED. BOXED. AND READIED FOR DELIVERY TO A FARM. PIONEERS LIKE THE STRICKLERS AND WAMPLERS FIGURED OUT HOW TO RAISE POULTRY YEAR-ROUND AND SET THE STAGE FOR THE INDUSTRY TO TAKE ON MODERN, MORE EFFICIENT METHODS. THIS MEANT SELECTIVE BREEDING, CAREFUL FEEDING AND RAISING THE BIRDS IN BIG POULTRY HOUSES WITH CAREFULLY CONTROLLED LIGHTING AND VENTILATION, AS WELL AS MAINTAINING SCRUPULOUS SANITATION TO PROTECT THE BIRDS AND CONSUMERS FROM DISEASE. THE BIRDS RESPONDED, TOO, GROWING BIGGER AND MEATIER WITH EVERY DECADE. CHICKENS STAY AT THE FARM FOR 35 OR 48 DAYS, UNTIL THEY WEIGH 3.8 OR 6.25 POUNDS. FEMALE TURKEYS, OR HENS STAY AT THE FARM FOR 130 DAYS UNTIL THEY WEIGH 28.5 POUNDS. MALE TURKEYS, OR TOMS STAY AT THE FARM FOR 130 DAYS UNTIL THEY WEIGH 40 POUNDS. IF A BIRD GETS SICK, VETERINARIANS MIGHT USE ANTIBIOTICS TO PROTECT THE BIRD AND THE FLOCK, BUT THE MEDICATION DOES NOT PASS THROUGH THE MEAT OR EGG. THE U.S. FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION CLOSELY MONITORS THE TYPES OF DRUGS USED, AND THE POULTRY INDUSTRY KNOWS HOW IMPORTANT IT IS TO KEEP FLOCKS AND CONSUMERS HEALTHY, HAVING EXPERIENCED TIMES WHEN ILLNESS HAS WIPED OUT ENTIRE FLOCKS AND CLOSED MARKETS FOR THEIR PRODUCTS. 125 TONS OF CORN AND SOY ARE DELIVERED TO THIS FEED MILL EVERY WEEK. THIS IS ONE OF 6 FEED MILLS IN VIRGINIA. POULTRY FEED CONSISTS OF 85% CORN AND SOY. SOY. THE OTHER 15% IS MADE UP OF DRIED DISTILLER’S GRAIN, BAKERY MEAL, POULTRY MEAL, VITAMINS AND MINERALS. THE RAW INGREDIENTS ARE RECEIVED, THEN THEY ARE MIXED INTO SPECIFIC PORTIONS. STEAM IS ADDED TO GELATINIZE STARCHES AND FORM PELLETS. THE PELLETS ARE DRIED AND COOLED, AND ARE READY FOR STORAGE. FOUR TYPES OF FEED ARE MADE: STARTER FEED IS HIGH IN PROTEIN AND PACKED WITH NUTRIENTS. THE PELLETS ARE CRUMBLED SO DAY-OLD CHICKS CAN EAT IT. GROWER FEED IS LOWER IN PROTEIN, BUT HIGHER IN ENERGY TO PROMOTE GROWTH. FINISHER FEED IS HIGH IN ENERGY TO ADD WEIGHT QUICKLY. THE WITHDRAWAL FEED IS THE FINAL FEED BEFORE BEING SENT TO MARKET, AND IT CONTAINS NO ADDITIVES. WHEN A POULTRY FARM NEEDS FEED, EMPTY TRUCKS ARRIVE AT THE FED MILL. EACH TRUCK HAS 4 COMPARTMENTS, AND EACH COMPARTMENT IS FILLED WITH A SEPARATE ORDER FOR INDIVIDUAL FARMS. 300 TRUCKLOADS OF FEED ARE DELIVERED FROM THIS MILL EVERY WEEK. FUN FACT: BEGINNING IN THE 1930S A BREED OF SMALL WHITE TURKEYS, BELTSVILLE WHITES, WAS 1930S A BREED OF SMALL WHITE TURKEYS, BELTSVILLE WHITES, WAS DEVELOPED, AND CONSUMERS BEGAN TO WANT TURKEYS WITH WHITE PINFEATHERS TO AVOID HAVING DARK MARKS IN THE TURKEY’S SKIN WHEN THE FEATHERS WERE REMOVED. IN 1939, A TURKEY BREEDER IN CALIFORNIA INTRODUCED THE FIRST WHITE-FEATHERED BROAD-BREASTED TURKEY, WHICH LED THE COMMERCIAL TURKEY INDUSTRY TO BREED OUT THE BRONZE TURKEY IN FAVOR OF THE WHITE, TO MEET CONSUMER PREFERENCE FOR COLOR AND SIZE! IN 2012, VA FARMERS PRODUCED 240,500,000 BROILER CHICKENS AND 17,000,000 TURKEYS. THE POULTRY IS ALWAYS TREATED HUMANELY. THE BIRDS ARE EUTHANIZED BY SEVERING THE JUGULAR VEIN AND CAROTID ARTERY. THE BIRDS ARE THEN WASHED AND FEATHERS ARE REMOVED. THE FEET ARE REMOVED, AND THEY ARE ALSO PROCESSED. DID YOU KNOW CHICKEN FEET ARE CONSIDERED A DELICACY IN SOME COUNTRIES? THEN THE INTERNAL ORGANS ARE REMOVED, AND EVERYTHING IS INSPECTED BY THE USDA. SOME ARE PROCESSED AS WHOLE CHICKENS LIKE THE ROTISSERIE CHICKENS YOU FIND IN A STORE. THE MAJORITY OF TURKEYS ARE PROCESSED AS WHOLE BIRDS. MOST CHICKEN IS CUT INTO PIECES FOR PACKAGING. THE CHICKEN PARTS FOR SOME RESTAURANTS ARE CUT USING A LASER TO ENSURE UNIFORM PIECES. THE CHICKEN IS PACKAGED AND KEPT COLD. AND FINALLY THE CHICKENS AND TURKEYS ARE BOXED FOR FREEZING AND SHIPPING. THE AMAZING CHANGES IN EGG PRODUCTION AND IN THE SIZE OF CHICKENS AND TURKEYS OVER THE YEARS ARE DUE TO SCIENTIFIC ADVANCES, NOT HORMONES. HENS LAY MORE EGGS AND BIRDS GROW MEATIER BECAUSE OF GENETICS, NUTRITION AND CAREFUL TENDING. SCIENCE HAS EVEN HELPED BIRDS GROW FASTER ON LESS FEED, AND PRODUCE LESS WASTE. IN 1964 FIERY HOT WINGS WERE FIRST SERVED IN A BAR IN BUFFALO, N.Y. BY THE EARLY 1980S CONSUMER DEMAND FOR BONELESS SKINLESS CHICKEN BREASTS MEANT WINGS HAD BECOME A BYPRODUCT THAT BARS AND RESTAURANTS COULD GET VERY CHEAPLY. OFFERING SPICY “BUFFALO WINGS,” THEIR PROFITS IMPROVED AS PATRONS DROWNED THE WINGS’ FIRE. BECAUSE “BUFFALO WINGS” HAVE BECOME POPULAR, THE WHOLESALE PRICE OF WHOLE WINGS IS NOW THE THIRD HIGHEST PRICED PART OF THE CHICKEN. THE LABORATORY CONDUCTS TESTING FOR MICROBIOLOGICS AS WELL AS ELEMENTAL TESTS. APPROXIMATELY 150 SAMPLES ARE ANALYZED EACH MONTH TO ENSURE THE PRODUCT SURPASSES REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS. THESE BACTERIA ARE IDENTIFIED BY THE USDA AS THE MOST COMMON BACTERIA PRESENT IN POULTRY, INCLUDING SALMONELLA AND E-COLI. TESTING IS NOT ONLY CONDUCTED ON PRODUCTS SENT TO THE CONSUMERS, BUT ALSO WATER USED IN THE FACILITY. WATER TESTING IS CONDUCTED TO ENSURE FACILITIES ARE PROVIDING WATER THAT MEETS ALL REGULATORY STANDARDS IN THE PRODUCTION AREAS. APPROXIMATELY 50 SAMPLES OF WATER ARE TESTED EACH MONTH. THE LAB ALSO DOES TOTAL PLATE COUNT SAMPLES EVERY MORNING TO ENSURE THE PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT IS SANITARY.>>TECHNOLOGY IS THE BIGGEST CHANGE I HAVE SEEN. EVERYTHING IS COMPUTERIZED NOW. IT’S NOT AS HANDS-ON AS IT USED TO BE. THAT’S PROBABLY ONE OF THE BIGGEST THINGS I HAVE SEEN. IT MAKES IT A LOT EASIER. IF THERE’S A PROBLEM, WE GET A PHONE CALL AND YOU CAN COME RUNNING OVER AND SEE WHAT IS GOING ON.>>AS EARLY AS 10 YEARS AGO, IT WAS TAKING ABOUT 114 DAYS TO GET IT TO THE RIGHT WEIGHT. NO HORMONES, NOTHING LIKE THAT. A LOT OF TIMES PEOPLE THINK WE FILL THE ANIMAL UP WITH STIMULANTS TO GET THE GENETICS.>>YOU CAN TAKE A TOM AND THE HAND AND BREED THOSE TOGETHER — IT COULD TAKE YEARS AND YOU FINALLY GET THE BIRD THAT YOU WANT.>>WE ARE COMPLETELY COMPUTERIZED FROM FOOD, WATER TO LIGHT.>>WE THINK COMPUTERS HAVE REALLY TAKEN A LOT OF THE GUESSWORK OUT OF IT.>>WHEN I WAS A YOUNG BOY, WE DID NOT HAVE THE COMPUTER SYSTEM AND ALL THE AUTOMATION IN THE BUILDING TODAY. IT WAS ALL LABOR AND WORK. TODAY, LABOR IS A SMALL PART OF IT.>>IT’S A DIFFERENT WORLD FROM 30 YEARS AGO.>>FUN FACT — TODAY, POULTRY GROWERS ARE ALSO USING AUTOMATION, COMPUTER MONITORING AND EVEN SMARTPHONE APPS TO HELP THEM KEEP THEIR BIRDS AS HAPPY AND HEALTHY AS POSSIBLE WHILE REDUCING DISEASE, WASTE AND COSTS. THIS TECHNOLOGY HELPS ALERT THEM TO ISSUES THAT MAY ARISE IN THE POULTRY HOUSE, MAKE ADJUSTMENTS TO VENTILATION, AND EVEN KEEP TRACK OF HOW THE COMMODITIES MARKETS ARE PERFORMING, ALL OF WHICH MAKES FOR MORE SUCCESSFUL POULTRY OPERATIONS. WITH MOUNTING PRESSURES ON FOOD PRODUCTION AND HEIGHTENED CONCERN FOR OUR AIR, LAND AND WATERS, THE POULTRY INDUSTRY REMAINS VIGILANT IN THEIR EFFORTS TO PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT. FROM REDUCING AND REUSING POULTRY LITTER IN THE MOST RESPONSIBLE WAYS, TO SUPPORTING ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS, RESEARCH ON NUTRITIONAL ISSUES, AND INVESTING MILLIONS IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT UPGRADES. POULTRY GROWERS ARE ALSO DOING THEIR PART. ONE FARM FAMILY IN PARTICULAR HAS BEEN SINGLED OUT FOR THEIR ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP. CRAIG AND NANCY MILLER HAVE RECEIVED US POULTRY’S FAMILY FARM ENVIRONMENTAL EXCELLENCE AWARD AS WELL AS SEVERAL OTHER SIMILAR AWARDS OVER THE PAST DECADE.>>WE HAD A PROBLEM ON OUR DRIVEWAY AND WE PUT IN A STORM DRAIN THAT TAKES ABOUT 30% OF OUR WATER, SO THERE’S A LOT OF RETAKE. THE WATER TRAVELS UNDERGROUND IN A HYPE THAT IS 430 FEET LONG TO A SETTLEMENT ON THAT I HAVE STOCKED WITH FISH. WE FINISH OFF THE STREAM AND LAND A LOT OF TREES. THIS YEAR, WE BUILT A NEW FEEDING FACILITY. I AM IN THE PROCESS OF LANDING SOME MORE TREES BECAUSE WE NEED MORE TREES ON THIS FARM. MAKING SURE FUTURE GENERATIONS HAVE SOMETHING THEY CAN REALLY BE PROUD OF.>>WE ARE REQUIRED TO HAVE A MANAGEMENT PLAN. THEY WANT TO KNOW WHERE ALL THE LITTER GOES. THEY WANT TO TRACK IT. BUT ALL OF MY LETTER IS TRANSFERRED OFF THE FARM. WE ARE CLOSE TO THE RIVER AND WE HAVE A HIGH PHOSPHORUS LEVEL, SO WE CAN’T PUT IT OUT ANYWAY. WE PUT COMMERCIAL NITROGEN ON THE FIELD AND SELL ALL THE LITTER. THERE’S A GOOD MARKET FOR IT. THEIR PEOPLE OUT OF THE CHESAPEAKE WATERSHED THAT WOULD LIKE TO HAVE THE LITTER. IT’S A CHEAPER FERTILIZER.>>THE POULTRY INDUSTRY PROVIDES A WAY OF LIFE FOR MORE THAN 1,100 VIRGINIA FAMILIES, AND HAS FAR-REACHING EFFECTS FOR OUR COMMONWEALTH. POULTRY HAS A $3.6 BILLION DOLLAR DIRECT ECONOMIC IMPACT IN VIRGINIA AND AN INDIRECT CONTRIBUTION OF $8 BILLION DOLLARS. ADDITIONALLY, MORE THAN $800 MILLION DOLLARS IN LOCAL, STATE AND FEDERAL TAXES COME FROM THE INDUSTRY AND ITS PEOPLE. WITH JOBS IN SUPPLYING AND SERVICING THE INDUSTRY FACTORED IN, POULTRY PROVIDES 41,000 JOBS FOR VIRGINIANS. EMBRACING INNOVATION AND USING COMMON SENSE, ROCKINGHAM COUNTY’S POULTRY GROWERS HAVE BEEN LEADERS IN THE U.S. POULTRY INDUSTRY FOR DECADES. SEEING A NEED AND FIGURING OUT A WAY TO FILL IT HAS BEEN COMMONPLACE, AND WHEN THE COMMUNITY NEEDED TO PITCH IN FOR THE GOOD OF THE INDUSTRY, COMPETITION DIDN’T GET IN THE WAY. WHETHER THROUGH COOPERATIVES OR BIG CORPORATIONS, VIRGINIA POULTRY OPERATIONS FEED THE WORLD. THEY ARE EASY TO CARE FOR TOO! WITH TIPS ON GROWING MUMS FROM THE GROUND UP, HERE’S CHRIS MULLINS.>>HIGH. TODAY, WE ARE AT PINEVIEW GREENHOUSES WILL STOP THEY GROW MUMS — LOOK AT ALL OF THESE BEAUTIFUL MUMS THAT ARE OUT HERE TODAY. ALL KINDS OF DIFFERENT COLORS AND A NICE BURNT ORANGE HERE AND READ, YELLOW. YELLOW IS POPULAR. SOME REALLY BEAUTIFUL COLORS HERE. PEOPLE LOVE MUMS. IN THE FALL, THEY ARE ONE OF THE FEW PLANTS FOR — FEW PLANTS BLOOMING DURING SEPTEMBER AND OCTOBER. IT’S A NICE PLAN TO PUT IN THE GARDEN. WHAT WE ARE TALKING BUT HERE ARE HEARTY GARDEN MUMS. THESE ARE A LITTLE DIFFERENT. THESE WOULD DO VERY WELL IN MOST CLIMATES IN VIRGINIA AND PEOPLE WILL BUY THESE IN THE POTS THAT YOU SEE HERE. THEY ARE NOT TERRIBLY EXPENSIVE. YOU CAN FIND THEM AT JUST ABOUT ANY GARDEN CENTER. THEY LOOK AND I SAID YOU CAN PUT THEM ON YOUR PATIO OR FRONT PORCH. SOME OF THE TEAR AND TIPS YOU MIGHT NEED WITH THESE IS THAT THEY NEED A LOT OF WATER. WHEN THEY ARE GROWING HERE IN THE FARMERS FIELD, THEY GIVE THEM WATER EVERY DAY AND AS YOU HAVE THESE ON YOUR DECK OR PATIO, YOU WANT TO CONTINUE THAT PRACTICE AND WATER THESE JUST ABOUT EVERY DAY. YOU MIGHT CUT BACK A LITTLE BIT. IN TERMS OF FERTILIZER, YOU DON’T NEED A WHOLE LOT. THEY DON’T NEED A LOT OF FERTILIZER. YOU CAN PUT THESE IN A POT LIKE THIS, THEY DON’T NEED A LOT OF MAINTENANCE AND CARE AND THEY WILL BLOOM FOR YOU THROUGHOUT THE GROWING SEASON. THERE ARE SOME OTHER THINGS YOU CAN DO IF YOU WANT TO TAKE THEM HOME. LET’S TALK ABOUT THAT, NEXT. THESE MUMS ARE A LITTLE BIT DIFFERENT AND A LITTLE SMALLER THAN THE MUMS WE JUST LOOKED AT. THIS WOULD BE SOMETHING YOU MAYBE BUY IN EARLY FALL AND PUT IN THE GROUND. THEY WILL DO WELL IN VIRGINIA. THE PROCESS YOU GO THROUGH IS FIND A NICE LOCATION AND PUT THIS IN THE GROUND. FOR THE FIRST COUPLE OF WEEKS, YOU WANT TO WATER IT HEAVILY AND MAKES SURE IT GETS ESTABLISHED THE WELL. IN TERMS OF FERTILIZATION, IT DOESN’T LOOK LIKE THE OTHER POTS. IT WILL START TO DIE BACK AND WHEN IT FREEZES, YOU WILL NOTICE THE PLANTS DIE BACK. I WOULD LEAVE THAT AROUND AND THAT WOULD GIVE IT SOME PROTECTION THROUGH THE WINTERTIME. IN THE SPRINGTIME, SOMETIME IN MAY, YOU WILL START TO SEE SOME SHOOTS COMING OUT OF THE GROUND. GO AHEAD AND CLEAN THAT AREA, CUT ALL OF THAT OUT OF THERE. AS THOSE SHOOTS COME UP, THEY WILL BE NICE, GREEN SHOOTS AND COME RIGHT OUT OF THE GROUND IN THE SPRINGTIME. THE PLANT WILL COME UP AND NOT BE AROUND NECESSARILY LIKE THIS, BUT THERE WILL BE A FEW SHOOTS COMING UP. WHAT YOU CAN DO IS GO AHEAD AND CUT THAT BACK. IF YOU CUT ABOUT HALF OF THAT BACK, THAT WILL CAUSE THE PLANT TO BRANCH OUT AND MAKE ITSELF MORE ROUND LIKE THIS YEAR. A COUPLE OF THESE PINCHES THROUGH THE SUMMER AND THAT WILL HELP DELAY FILING UNTIL YOU WANT IT. IN THE SPRINGTIME, YOU CAN FIND TRANSPLANT THAT YOU CAN PUT IN THE GROUND IN MAY WILL FLOWER AT THE SAME TIME. YOU DON’T HAVE TO WAIT FOR THE FALL TO BUY THEM AND PUT THEM IN THE GROUND. IT’S A GREAT PLANTS TO GO IN THE LANDSCAPE OR AROUND THE HOUSE. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT MUMS AND HOW TO CARE FOR THEM, TALK TO YOUR MASTER GARDENER. I’M CHRIS MULLINS. WE WILL SEE YOU NEXT TIME.>>WELL, THAT DOES IT FOR OUR SHOW. I HOPE YOU ENJOYED THIS INSIDE LOOK AT VIRGINIA’S POULTRY INDUSTRY. THANKS SO MUCH FOR WATCHING, AND HAVE A GREAT WEEK. I’M AMY ROSCHER FOR “VIRGINIA FARMING.” YOU BY THE VIRGINIA FARM BUREAU. FROM APPLES TO ZUCCHINI, VIRGINIA FARMERS WORK YEAR ROUND TO HELP PUT FOOD ON YOUR TABLE, AND FARM BUREAU WORKS YEAR ROUND TO HELP FARMERS AND ALL VIRGINIANS. FARMING — IT’S ALL GOOD. TO LEARN MORE, GO TO VAFARMBUREAU.ORG. ♪ ♪

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  1. It seems we need some context to keep the discussion civil. There are two groups of people who find this video. The first and largest group is subsistence farmers from poor countries, who hope to learn how to grow past the worry about if they will starve in the coming weeks and months. The second group is people who dislike the treatment and condition of the animals. Both groups have a powerful message that needs to be voiced. Feel free to state your ideas and concerns in a comment, but please think twice before you reply to another's comments. You may not have a complete understanding of where a commenter is coming from.

  2. I hate how people hate that the chicks are being put on conveyor belts, or being dropped. If it hurt the chicks, they wouldnโ€™t do it since they would loose money.

  3. All of this is bullshit information being slid in inconspicuously in the smooth-talking narration. "We humanely slit the chicken's throats." Yup, that's very humane.

  4. I am a technical farmer in south Sudan, you have any dream to extent these beauty techniques to my state? as an agriculturist, farmers here are serious but lacking advance technical and starting capital.

  5. แž…แž„แŸ‹แž˜แžพแž›แžšแž”แŸ€แž”แž“แŸƒแž€แžถแžšแž…แžทแž‰แŸ’แž…แžนแž˜แž˜แžถแž“แŸ‹แž“แŸ… usa

  6. Nice video. Here is my backyard poultry https://youtu.be/-9H2uOUjnyE You can check it too. Good luck and God bless!

  7. I have planning for build poultry fatming, but i still confuse because i dont have enough money. So i didn't dare to take action start business. Do you have suggest for my problem ?

  8. Great stuff. But I'm actually looking for advice how to do selective breeding. This hen with that rooster and so on. Native chickens, in the Philippines

  9. If anyone is looking for a poultry farm in Texas go take a look at this one!
    https://easttexas.craigslist.org/grd/d/tennessee-colony-clean-stable-poultry/6822607224.html

  10. This video is a lie. You are guilty and you know it. Stop this immediately.
    3:34 You can clearly see the hideously cramped living conditions poultry animals are forced to experience.
    6:05 The 'place' where a chicken lays eggs both requires a hop, something their bodies are not meant for, to a place where they can barely turn around. The eggs are then taken away from their mothers. Can you imagine if when you were a kid some stranger kidnapped you?
    6:30 'To be processed for meat' implies that chickens are not alive, just simply ingredients like wheat or sugar.
    7:00 This view is even more blatantly cramped than the previous one. I imagine that several chicks, no, scores of them simply die due to disease and heat. Then they are dropped helplessly and pried at, what horrible treatment. Finally, they are compacted into boxes and sent off to a cruel farm. I also don't need to mention what happens to many of these chicks. Let me just ask what it would feel like to be ran over by a car just after birth.
    7:48 These chicks are seen being dropped from what is probably the equivalent of you falling off the top of your house. And yes, i watched Kurzgesagt's video on the size of life, but that has still got to hurt.
    8:20 All of the above highly contradicts that statement.
    11:15 You can not be more wrong. And the 'severing' to 'euthanize' the chickens and turkeys is performed by sticking a chicken into moving machines which do it. Ugh ๐Ÿ˜พ And the removal of the feet is just gross, not to mention this entire process. The only humane part of this is that the birds are killed so they don't have to suffer the method of which farmers prepare chickens for eating.

  11. I have watched and loved the poultry farming in Virginia. I have much interest in poultry farming and I would like to establish the project here in Western Kenya. Please teach me how to get started. Thank you.

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