Top 10 Domesticated Animals and Their Origins
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Top 10 Domesticated Animals and Their Origins

September 4, 2019

Welcome to Top10Archive! Agriculture and the
domestication of animals helped spur the human race from hunter gatherers to self sufficient
land settlers. Looking through the history books, we sought to find the most beneficial
animals humans have domesticated through time and the resources they provided. From the
insect that generated a trade commodity to mans best friend, here are our top picks for
animals domesticated by humans. 10. Silkmoth
The silkworm is the larva or caterpillar of the domesticated silk moth, Bombyx Mori, and
an economically important insect as it is the primary producer of silk. The domesticated
variety, compared to the wild form, has increased cocoon size, growth rate, and efficiency of
its digestion. The silk moth has gained tolerance to human presence, handling, and living in
crowded conditions. It can no longer fly, depending on human assistance in finding a
mate, and lacks a fear of potential predators. Silkworms were first domesticated in China
over 5000 years ago, and since then silk production capacity of the species has increased nearly
tenfold. Silk was an important trade commodity that started in China then spread to Korea
and Japan, India and later the West. 9. Cat
Felis catus, or the domesticated cat has had a very long relationship with humans, but
the exact domestication era is highly speculated. Most believe the ancient Egyptians were the
first to domesticate cats as early as 4,000 years ago, but some evidence of a Neolithic
site of Shillourokambos, shows a purposeful cat buried next to a human burial, dated between
7485 B.C. and 7185 B.C. According to archaeologist J.A. Baldwin, wild cats were most likely first
attracted to human settlements to hunt rodents that fed on agricultural stores. Their skill
in hunting may have earned them the affectionate attention of humans for their inherent pest
control. Early Egyptians were known to worship a cat goddess, and even mummified their beloved
pets for their journey to the next life with mummified mice.
8. Camel The two surviving species of camel are the
dromedary, or one humped camel, which inhabits the Middle East and the Horn of Africa, and
the Bactrian, or the two humped camel, which inhabits Central Asia. Both species have been
domesticated, providing milk, meat, hair for textiles and goods such as felt pouches, and
are working animals with tasks ranging from human transport to bearing loads. Dromedaries
are believed to have been domesticated by humans in Somalia and Southern Arabia around
3,000 B.C. and the Bactrian in central Asia around 2,500B.C. Around 1200 B.C., the first
camel saddles appeared, allowing for easier transportation and trade, and by 500 to 100
B.C., Bactrian camels attained military use. 7. Goat
Goats were among the first domesticated animals and were adapted from the wild version of
Capra egregious. Beginning around 10,000 to 11,000 years ago, Neolithic farmers began
keeping small herds of goats for their milk and meat, their dung for fuel, and hair, bone,
skin, and sinew for clothing and tools. Archaeological data suggests that two distinct places may
be where goats were first domesticated, the Euphrates river valley at Nevali Cori, Turkey,
and the Zagros Mountains of Iran at Ganj Dareh, but other sites such as the Indus Basin in
Pakistan and central Anatolia are also mentioned. Goats are browsing animals, not grazers like
cattle and sheep, and will readily revert to the wild and become feral if given the
opportunity. Today there are more than 300 breeds of goats living in climates ranging
from high altitude mountains to deserts. 6. Sheep
Ovis aries, or Sheep were domesticated between 11,000 and 9000 B.C. in ancient Mesopotamia
from the wild mouflon. Sheep were among the first to be domesticated by mankind along
with the goat and dog, with their wild relatives having several ideal characteristics such
as lack of aggression, a manageable size, early sexual maturity, a social nature, and
high reproduction rates. Today, Ovis aries is an entirely domesticated animal that is
largely dependent on man for its health and survival, although feral sheep do exist, it
is only in areas devoid of large predators and not on the scale of other feral domesticated
species. While rearing of sheep for secondary products began in either southwest Asia or
Western Europe, initially sheep were kept solely for meat, milk, and skins. Researchers
believe that the development of warmer garments from sheep allowed man to traverse into colder
climates. 5. Pig
The domestic pig, scientifically named Sus domesticus, is also referred to as swine or
hogs. Archaeological evidence suggests that pigs were domesticated from wild boar as early
as 13,000 to 12,700 B.C. in the Near East’s Tigris Basin. Remains of pigs have been dated
to earlier than 11,400 B.C. in Cyprus. Research also shows a separate domestication in China,
which took place about 8000 years ago. The adaptable nature and omnivorous diet of the
wild boar allowed early humans to domesticate it readily. Pigs were mostly used for food,
but early civilization also used pig’s hide for shields, bones for tools and weapons,
and bristles for brushes. Domestic pigs have become feral again in many parts of the world,
including New Zealand and Northern Queensland, and have caused substantial environmental
damage. 4. Chicken
One of the most common and widespread domestic animals, with a population of more than 19
billion in 2011, Gallus domesticus, or the common Chicken, is a domesticated fowl used
primarily as a source of food, both for their meat and eggs. Derived from the wild red junglefowl
approximately 10,500 years ago, the bird still runs wild in most of southeast Asia. Recent
research suggests however that here may be multiple origins of domestication in distinct
areas of South and Southeast Asia, including North and South China, Thailand, Burma, and
India. Behaviorally, domesticated chickens are less active, have fewer social interactions,
are less aggressive to predators, and are less likely to go looking for foreign food
sources than their wild ancestors. They also have increased adult body weight, simplified
plumage, their egg production starts earlier and more frequently, and produce larger eggs.
3. Horse Perhaps the most majestic of all domesticated
animals, horses appear in Paleolithic cave art as early as 30,000 B.C., but these wild
horses were probably hunted for meat. How and when wild horses were domesticated is
disputed, but the clearest evidence of early use was as a means of transport due to chariot
burials dated to 2000 B.C. However, an increasing amount of evidence supports the hypothesis
that horses were domesticated in the Eurasian Steppes approximately 3500 B.C. Regardless
of the specific era of domestication, the use of horses spread rapidly across Eurasia
for transportation, agricultural work, and warfare. Many populations of feral horses
exist throughout the world, but are descended from domesticated animals, giving researchers
a glimpse at how their prehistoric ancestors may have lived.
2. Cattle Cattle, or cows, are raised as livestock for
meat, milk and other dairy products and as draft animals. Other products include leather
and dung for manure or fuel. Cattle have been domesticated since the early Neolithic period,
approximately 10,500 years ago from wild aurochs. There are two major places of domestication,
one in the Middle East and Europe that gave us the taurine line and the second in the
Indian subcontinent which resulted in the indicine line. As early as 9000 B.C., both
grain and cattle were used as money or as barter, giving the seller the ability to set
a fixed price. According to an estimate in 2003, there are approximately 1.3 billion
cattle in the world, and in 2009, cattle became the first livestock animal to have a fully
mapped genome. 1. Dog
Also referred to as canines, the domestic dog, the gray wolf, and the extinct Taymyr
wolf diverged at around the same time of approximately 35,000 years ago. This implies that the earliest
dogs arose in the time that humans were still hunter gatherers and not agriculturists. When
and where dogs were first domesticated has vexed geneticists for the past 20 years and
archaeologists for many decades longer. Identifying the earliest dogs is difficult because the
key morphological character that are used by zooarchaeologists to differentiate domestic
dogs from their wild wolf ancestors were not fixed during the initial phases of the domestication
process. Regardless, dogs top our list due to the many abilities that they offer. The
old adage of “man’s best friend” deserves its meaning, but other than companionship,
dogs are natural hunters, great trackers, and protectors.

Only registered users can comment.

  1. My favorites are cats and dogs. I've grown up with cats. Had them my whole life. When I was almost 13, I got the very first cat I could claim was "all mine", while the other two I had grown up with, from birth to 12 with one, and 14 with the other. My kitty's name was Oreo, and sadly passed away at the age of 15 in September. He was my baby before I had babies, as I say. However, shortly after my daughter was born in 2009, we got a dog, Brandi. I had never owned a dog, so I was new, but her laid back attitude, but excitement toward those she loved was similar to Oreo, who, unlike people like to portray cats, actually LOVED human company. But Brandi, of course, had the loyalty and the wagging tail to top it off. We still have her, and she still makes me smile every day. Being that I have owned cats all my life, and still do, even after Oreo's passing, I think that would top my favorites, but dogs are certainly a close second. πŸ™‚ but let's not forget rodents. Domesticated rats, also known as "Fancy rats" are the dogs of the rodent world. They love human interaction and can even learn tricks! We have two, Minnie and Maria. Maria isn't as social, but Minnie definitely is πŸ™‚ chews on her cage bars to get my attention if I don't immediately come and say hi to her. Just…don't try to say hi to a "pest" rat. You probably won't get the same response πŸ˜‰ lol

  2. I love my dogs they are definitely my best friends and some people say that they are just animals and they would be how they are with anyone I beg to differ my dog follows me everywhere when he can't come he cries which stinks but unfortunately somehow people managed to take over the world but he definitely took over mine so I guess we are even lol

  3. There is evidence that man did not domesticate cats that they domesticated themselves as they saw a good deal and went with it. This would explain how cats can become feral in less then one generation.

  4. wow did we ruin silk moths! and i love my dog but horses should be #1! far more useful and responsible for more human development thank any other…i am bias of course

  5. Whereas my wife would disagree with me, my pick has always been dogs. My favorite breeds of dog are Irish setters, collies (I watched a lot of Lassie as a kid), & beagles. My wife would say cats & guinea pigs (I know that guinea pigs didn't make the list, but she would remove silk moth & insert guinea pig)

  6. Pigeons are another one, sad and pathetic how little people care about them in general though, lovely animals and to the ones that don't like 'em, I hope they keep shitting on your ignorant heads, and your cars =P

  7. top 10 deadliest animals in Australia. it is shocking to know that they are dangerous they don't look bad at first. keep up the good work

  8. Has anyone else realize that Indians from India domesticated
    tigers an elephants but the blacks in the Sub continent had never done
    that let alone plants. hell they never did none of the things you've seen on this

  9. There are a few animals that we should start domesticating, they would be very useful, kangaroos and deer are two examples, kangaroos could provide meat and leather, and deer could provide meat, leather, and milk.

  10. humans didn't domesticate anything. you can't for example get a dog from a wolf no matter how lovingly you raise the wolves or selectively breed them in your yard, its not gonna happen. domestic plants and animals are not natural part of life on earth, they are all genetically engineered species, same with humans. research it, there's no doubt about it.

  11. my favorite, cow and camel… we own alot of cows and camel.. and personly used to own some when i was a little boy.. now im 25 πŸ˜€

  12. This is absolutely lacking in truth. If we don't investigate for ourselves we will never know the truth by listening to this bed of propaganda. Who first domesticated cattle are the same people who brought cattle herding to the Americas. The same people that are still the largest nomadic group in the world today. The same group who's pictures are on the pyramids with their cattle. These people are the Fulani / Fulbe . It is amazing how crafty you were about avoiding the continent all together… Maybe you forgot that when the pyramids were being built and inscribed Europeans were still in caves. Let us be adults and not pretend that you were domesticating anything when you were not yet domesticated yourself at that time.

  13. not many people seem to realize it but animals like dogs, cats, goats, sheep, and cows are still the same species as there wild counterparts

  14. Dogs are THE best domestic annimals on earth no doubt, but we would be lost without the others especaily chicken πŸ£πŸ¦ƒπŸ¦ƒπŸ¦ƒπŸ“πŸ“πŸ“πŸ“πŸ³πŸ₯šπŸ—πŸ—πŸ—πŸ—πŸ—πŸ—πŸ—πŸ—πŸ—πŸ—πŸ—πŸ—. πŸ“

  15. Dogs are always going to be my number one. They have so many jobs in human life that it’s nearly impossible to imagine life without them. They guide our livestock and protect them, they sniff out everything from drugs and bombs to contraband plants and foods on international flights. They can hunt down a suspect on the loose or help find a missing child. They can smell a diabetic episode before any symptoms appear, sense a seizure before it happens, be our eyes and/or ears, help with transportation and every day tasks, and so, so much more. They truly are vital to life as we know it.

  16. Think about the importance of the domestication of dogs. Probably the first ones simply domesticated themselves little by little. But then, humans had protection and help in hunting, but also they realize they could do the same with other animals. Similar thing probably happened with cats. And maybe that's why they are the most common pets. If a stray dog or cat has ever come to you asking for food and behaving friendly, and then just stuck around; that's probably how it happened. Maybe domestication was not invented, but only discovered.

  17. Ahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh

  18. The most important one is either the horse or the chicken. People of today may like dogs cuz they are "men's best friend" but dogs weren't all that important to human history.

    Horses were important for labor but they ESPECIALLY important for warfare. Horses were the difference between winning and losing that changed the entire course of human history. The Mongols conquered almost half the world because of their mastery of their horses. Back then, a horse was worth more than multiple average humans and was more than just your best friend, he was your brother in arms whom you've entrusted your life to.

    Oh, and also ESPECIALLY communication. I'm sure I don't need to tell anyone how absolutely important communication, including for warfare, and horses revolutionized communication in the same way the internet did.

  19. I have to ask a question. Why do we believe that we know where these animals came from better than people 3000 years ago ? The book of Genesis written about 3000 years ago says in chapter 1 verse 25 clearly that God created cattle. Yet we are saying that man domesticated a wild animal and it became cattle, whether it was cows or horses or sheep. If the bible is god inspired as I believe it is, why are we humans making God a liar instead of following his word. And if the bible is not God inspired and was written by humans, why do we think we are smarter than the humans that wrote Genesis almost 3000 years ago, that teach that these animals were not a form of a domesticated wild animal, but they were domestic animals from the beginning. Obviously, in the 21st century, we have become arrogant and obnoxious to a point that is beyond belief, by stating that men domesticated a wild animal and thus created through cross breeding the existing species of domesticated animals in their entirety. This is absolutely crazy, in my view. If this were the case why don't we go and domesticate a buffalo or a bison and turn it into a cow, this evolutionary nonsense has no end. Why not domesticate deer ? Or were our ancestors smarter than us, and we do not know how to domesticate. A deer is a wild animal and this is why you do not domesticate it. Period, it doesn't work. Cows were never wild animals, you don't domesticate a wild animal and turn it into a domestic animal. Try domesticate a lion and have it in your house, if it were that easy everybody would do it. A dog is a dog, a wolf is a wolf, a buffalo is a buffalo and a cow is a cow. If you want a dog in your house you buy a dog, you don't go and get a wolf puppy and domesticate it. They are different animals. Tigers have been domesticated in zoos and circuses for a long long time, yet they are not evolving into a different species that is a domestic animal. There are bison farms, and elk farms, and deer farms, yet the species does not change. This idea that main created new species from domesticating a completely different wild species is a wild, wild hypothesis that has no evidence to back it up, yet it is presented in this video as science. Scientists have completely lost my respect, because the profession has been invaded by quacks and impostors disguised as scientists that pretend to know how these animals came to be, and because they deny that God created them, they make up stories of man cross breeding species from the wild that resulted in what we have today. Whatever it is necessary to deny the God that created all these domestic animals which existed from the very beginning and are the result of God's beautiful creation, and not man's domestication process.

  20. We got 1 insect 1 bird and 8 mammals? I guess humans had no use for reptiles or fish, weird. Although maybe one day they could be useful later in mankind.

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