Virginia Farming: Mini Breeds
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Virginia Farming: Mini Breeds

August 31, 2019


♪♪>>NINETY YEARS AGO, THE VIRGINIA FARM BUREAU MADE OUR LOCAL FARMERS A PROMISE TO PROTECT AND PRESERVE A WAY OF LIFE THEY WORKED SO HARD TO ESTABLISH. TODAY, OUR INSURANCE AGENTS WORK TO PROTECT ALL VIRGINIANS, NOT JUST FARMERS. WE WANT TO KEEP VIRGINIA, VIRGINIA. MORE INFORMATION IS AT FARMBUREAUADVANTAGE.COM.>>THE VIRGINIA SOYBEAN ASSOCIATION IS HARD AT WORK SHARING THE STORY OF VIRGINIA SOYBEANS. THE CHILDREN’S MUSEUM OF RICHMOND AT SHORT PUMP IS A GREAT EXAMPLE. YOU CAN CHECK OUT THE NEW SOYMOR EXHIBIT AND LEARN MORE ABOUT THE AMAZING BEAN. AMY: HI, EVERYBODY. WELCOME TO VIRGINIA FARMING. I’M AMY ROSCHER. TODAY, WE VISIT WITH A BREEDER OF MINIATURE CATTLE AND FIND OUT WHAT MAKES THEM SO POPULAR. THEN, MARK VIETTE HAS TIPS ON PRUNING EVERGREENS. WE’LL ALSO HAVE THE AG CALENDAR, A MINUTE IN THE FIELD VIDEO, AND OF COURSE, YOUR AG NEWS OF THE WEEK, ALL ON THIS EDITION VIRGINIA FARMING. ♪♪ AMY: THE 2016 VIRGINIA STATE FAIR HAS COME TO A CLOSE, AND THE GIANT WATERMELON CONTEST SET A NEW RECORD. THE MONSTER MELON WEIGHED IN AT A WHOPPING 245.7 POUNDS AND WAS GROWN BY DAVIS WELLS OF HANOVER COUNTY. WELLS SET A PREVIOUS WATERMELON RECORD IN 2007, AND LAST YEAR, WELLS WON THE COMPETITION WITH A 161-POUNDER. AND AFTER GROWING PUMPKINS FOR NINE YEARS, RICKY ATKINS OF SOUTHAMPTON COUNTY FINALLY TOOK HOME A BLUE RIBBON IN THE GIANT PUMPKIN COMPETITION. HIS WINNING PUMPKIN WEIGHED IN AT 879.5 POUNDS. ANOTHER RECORD COULD BE BROKEN THIS YEAR, THIS ONE IN COR CORN PRODUCTION IN THE UNITED STATES IS NOW FORECAST AT 15.1 BILLION BUSHELS, UP 11% FROM LAST YEAR. YIELDS ARE EXPECTED TO AVERAGE 174.4 BUSHELS PER ACRE, UP 6 BUSHELS FROM 2015. IF REALIZED, THIS WILL BE THE HIGHEST YIELD AND PRODUCTION ON RECORD IN THE UNITED STATES. U.S. BEEF PRODUCERS HAVE A LOT GOING FOR THEM, BUT THERE’S ALWAYS ROOM FOR IMPROVEMENT. IN THIS SEGMENT, AN AGRICULTURAL ECONOMIST SHARES SUGGESTIONS TO REMAIN AHEAD OF THE COMPETITION. BOB CERVERA HAS MORE. BOB: COMPARED TO THE REST OF THE WORLD, THE NORTH AMERICAN BEEF COMMUNITY HAS A DISTINCT ADVANTAGE.>>WE ARE THE CENTER, GLOBALLY, OF GRAIN-FINISH BEEF PRODUCTION. SO WE DO COMPETE GLOBALLY WITH A LOT OF GRASS-FINISH, AND THERE’S A SOME GROWTH OF GRAIN-FINISH ELSEWHERE, BUT IN AGGREGATE AROUND THE WORLD, U.S. AND CANADA COMBINED ARE THE CORE OF THAT. BOB: LOOKING TOWARD GROWTH, WE HAVE THE ABILITY TO GET HIGH-QUALITY BEEF TO MARKET, TOO.>>WE ALSO HAVE A LOT OF INFRASTRUCTURE HERE THAT’S NOT IN EXISTENCE ELSEWHERE, WH IT IS THE FEED-GRAIN BASE, BUT YOU KNOW, MODERN AND LARGE, ECONOMIES OF SCALE, FEEDLOTS, PACKING INDUSTRY, WELL-RECOGNIZED SAFETY INSTITUTIONS. FOR THE MOST PART, WE HAVE WELL-WORKING TRAINS, RIVERS, ROADS, ALL THAT KIND OF STUFF THAT A LOT OF TIMES, WE TAKE FOR GRANTED, BUT IT IS HERE, AND COMPARED TO OTHER PARTS OF THE WORLD, IS RELATIVELY MAINTAINED, WE CAN RELY ON IT, WE CAN BUILD OUR INDUSTRY FROM IT. BOB: BUT OUR GRAIN-FINISHED BEEF IS AMONG THE MOST EXPENSIVE OPTIONSAMONG ALL PROTEINSAND EVEN WHEN COMPARED TO OTHER BEEF SUPPLIERS.>>SO THAT GETS AT THE POINT OF THE VALUE, RIGHT? SO, THE EATING EXPERIENCE, THE STORY WITH THE BEEF, OTHER POINTS OF DIFFERENTIATION THAN ON PRICE ARE CRITICAL, BECAUSE WE’RE NEVER GOING TO HAVE AN ABSOLUTE PRICE ADVANTAGE. BOB: THE ECONOMIST SAYS OTHER COUNTRIES ARE MAKING INROADS AND THE ONLY WAY TO KEEP AHEAD IS BY INCREASING INFORMATION FLOW THROUGHOUT THE CHAIN.>>THE U.S. BEEF INDUSTRY IS LESS COORDINATED AND COMMUNICATES A LITTLE BIT LESS EFFECTIVELY BOTH VERTICALLY IN THE INDUSTRY AS WELL AS HORIZONTALLY TO EACH SECTOR THAN OUR COMPETITORS IN OTHER MEAT SECTORS AS WELL AS OTHER COMPETITORS AROUND THE WORLD AND THAT IS A HUGE CHALLENGE BECAUSE IT LIMITS THE ABILITY TO MAKE CHANGES. BOB: TONSOR EXPECTS THESE TRENDS TO INTENSIFY, NOT TAIL OFF, IN COMING YEARS AND URGES THE ENTIRE CATTLE INDUSTRY TO RESPOND. I’M BOB CERVERA. AMY: THANKS, BOB. COLD WEATHER IS JUST AROUND THE CORNER, AND MANY AREAS OF THE US HAVE SEEN RECENT PUTTING. — FLOODING. THE USDA REMINDS US TO THINK AHEAD AND TRY TO IMPLEMENT SOME OF THESE PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES: BUILD A STRONG SHELTER TO PROTECT ANIMALS FROM THE ELEMENTS. IT SHOULD BE ABLE TO SUSTAIN HIGH WINDS AND HEAVY RAIN AND KEEP THEM ALL DRY. CONSIDER BUILDING IT ON HIGH GROUND TO AVOID FLOODING. HAVE ADEQUATE FOOD AND WATER SUPPLIES FOR LIVESTOCK. THIS WILL BE IMPORTANT IF YOU AREN’T ABLE TO REACH THEM FOR A DAY OR SO. DURING EXTREMELY COLD TEMPERATURES, YOU WILL NEED TO BREAK UP ICE OR REPLACE THE FROZEN WATER. PROVIDE WARM BEDDING. DURING A BLIZZARD OR EXTREMELY FRIGID WEATHER, WARM BEDDING IS ESSENTIAL FOR ALL LIVESTOCK. MAKE SURE THAT THERE IS ADEQUATE BEDDING FOR EACH ANIMAL, AND REPLACE IT WHEN NEEDED. ASSESS FARM SAFETY. CHECK THE SAFETY OF YOUR FARM AND CONSIDER THE CONDITIO YOUR HOME, BARNS AND SHEDS FOR SUSTAINABILITY OF HIGH WINDS AS WELL AS HEAVY RAINS OR SNOW. TAKE CORRECTIVE ACTION NOW AND REASSESS PERIODICALLY. HOW BEST TO PROTECT YOUR LIVESTOCK AND FARM ANIMALS IN EXTREME WEATHER WILL DEPEND ON THE SIZE OF YOUR HERDS, WHAT TYPE OF ANIMALS YOU HAVE AND HOW EXTREME THE WEATHER ACTUALLY GETS. PROVIDING THE BASICS, FOOD, WATER AND SHELTER WILL GO A LONG WAY TO KEEPING THEM SAFE. MINIATURE BREEDS OF CATTLE AND HORSES HAVE BECOME QUITE POPULAR. WE’LL VISIT BRYAN HILL FARMS AND FIND OUT WHAT MAKES THEIR MINI HEREFORDS SO SPECIAL. THAT’S STRAIGHT THAT’S STRAIGHT AHEAD ON AG INSIGHTS. ♪♪ AMY: SO TODAY, WE’RE IN BROADWAY, VIRGINIA, AND WE’RE VISITING BRYAN HILL FARM. IT’S A FARM THAT RAISES MINIATURE BREEDS, HORSES AND CATTLE ACTUALLY. I’M JOINED BY TIM BRYAN. TIM, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR HAVING US OUT TO YOUR BEAUTIFUL FARM TODAY.>>THANK YOU. GLAD TO HAVE YOU. AMY: SO, TELL US HOW YOU GUYS GOT INTO THE BUSINESS OF MINI CATTLE?>>MINI CATTLE. I GUESS IT STARTED BACK 13 YEARS AGO. MY WIFE AND I WAS ON A VACATION IN TEXAS, AND SEEING THE SIGN, “MINIATURE CATTLE,” SO THAT SPARKED OUR INTEREST. AMY: WELL, SURE. SO WHAT DID YOU — WHAT DID YOU DO WHEN YOU SAW THAT SIGN? DID YOU GO AND LOOK AT THEM AND SEE WHAT THEY WERE ALL ABOU>>WE DID. AND IT TOOK — WE TOOK A YEAR TO RESEARCH THE MINIATURE CATTLE BECAUSE WE DIDN’T REALIZE HOW MANY DIFFERENT BREEDS THERE WERE. AND SO IT TOOK A YEAR TO DECIDE WHAT WAS BEST FIT US HERE ON THE EAST COAST. AMY: AND YOU GUYS DECIDED ON HEREFORDS?>>THE MINIATURE HEREFORD. MA: AND WHY IS THAT?>>THEY HAVE A LOT OF NICE TRAITS, BUT THE BIGGEST THING I LIKE WAS THE PREDICTABILITY. THEIR REGISTRY IS A TRUE REGISTRY WITH THE AMERICAN HEREFORD ASSOCIATION. SO THEY HAVE HUNDREDS OF YEARS OF THE LINEAGE. AMY: OK. AND WHY IS THAT IMPORTANT TO YOU FROM EVEN FROM A CONSUMER STANDPOINT. WHY IS THAT LINEAGE IMPORTANT?>>TO ME THERE’S NOT A BIG , SURPRISE. YOU KNOW, WHAT YOU SEE IS WHAT YOU GET. I ENJOY THE BREED. WELL THE BREEDING PROCESS OF IT. AND THAT’S WHAT I LIKE. IT SEEMS LIKE THE MINIATURE BREEDS ARE REALLY GROWING IN POPULARITY. CAN YOU GIVE US WHY YOU THINK THEY MIGHT BE SO POPULAR?>>HERE ON THE EAST COAST, THERE’S SMALLER FARMS, FARMETTE TO SMALLER FARMS, AND THE MORE MODERATE FRAME CATTLE. THE SMALLER FRAME CATTLE CAN PRODUCE MORE BEEF ON THAT AMOUNT OF ACREAGE. AMY: SO LET’S TALK ABOUT THAT ACREAGE FOR A LITTLE BIT. HOW MUCH LAND DOES IT TAKE PER HEAD OF THE MINI HEREFORDS?>>IN THIS PART OF THE COUNTRY, WE FIGURE ABOUT 2.5 MINIS PER ACRE. AMY: PER ACRE?>>YES, PER ACRE. THAT WILL CHANGE DEPENDING ON WHAT AREA YOU’RE IN BUT IF YOU MANAGE YOUR GROUND WELL THAT’S — AMY: AND THEN WHAT ABOUT FEED? OBVIOUSLY, THEY GRAZE BUT DO YOU FEED FEED AS WELL?>>WE DO. IT’S NOT PART OF THEIR DAILY DIET. THEY ARE A GRASS ANIMAL. THEY DO WELL ON GRASS, BUT WE FEED ENOUGH TO KEEP THEM HOBBLE AND COMING TO US, AND WE DO–WE GRAIN OUR ANIMALS TO BUTCHER. AMY: RIGHT. SO GIVE ME AN IDEA OF THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN RAISING A FULL-SIZE HEREFORD AS FAR AS THE COST OR MAYBE HOW MUCH THAT COW WOULD EAT AS OPPOSED TO ONE OF YOUR MINIS? HOW MUCH WOULD THE MINI EAT COMPARED TO THE LARGER ANIMAL?>>IF YOU SAY A LARGER ANIMAL, IT WOULD BE ABOUT A 1400, 1500 POUND ANIMAL. SAMEWOULD EAT ON THE AMOUNT OF INTAKE, YOU CAN RAISE 2.5 OF THESE. SO IF THEY WEIGH 750 POUNDS AND YOU TIMES THAT OUT, THAT’S 15 AND SO YOU’RE PRODUCING ABOUT 2,000 POUND OF MEAT ON THE SAME ACREAGE THAT YOU WOULD RUN THAT 1400 POUND ANIMAL. AMY: WELL. SO GIVE ME A COMPARISON IN WEIGHT TO A NORMAL SIZE HEREFORD MINI.ED TO A WHAT’S THE WEIGHT DIFFERENCE?>>A MINI CAN BE–DEPENDING ON THE SIZE AND FRAME SCORE, IT CAN BE–A MATURE ANIMAL CAN WEIGH 500 TO 850 POUNDS, SOMETHING OF THAT NATURE. WHERE A FULL-SIZE COW WOULD BE 1400 TO 1800 POUNDS. AMY: OK. SO ON THE CONSUMER SIDE, BECAUSE YOU SAY YOU DO RAISE THESE CATTLE FOR MEAT, WHEN WE BUTCHER A FULL-SIZE COW, THERE’S A LOT OF MEAT THERE. AND, YOU KNOW, I WAS–I WAS TALKING TO YOUR WIFE, DEBBIE, EARLIER, AND SHE MENTIONED THAT SHE THOUGHT THAT MAYBE ONE OF THE REASONS THAT THESE SMALLER BREEDS ARE POPULAR IS BECAUSE THE SMALLER CATTLE CAN FIT INTO A FREEZER. YOU CAN PURCHASE A WHOLE COW, WHERE SOMETIMES YOU CAN ONLY GET A HALF OR A QUARTER OF A LARGER COW.>>DIDN’T REALIZE THAT WAS GOING TO BE SUCH A NICE THING, BECAUSE ALL FAMILIES DON’T HAVE AS MUCH MONEY NOWADAYS, AND THEY REALLY DO LIKE THE AMOUNT OF IMPACT THE SMALLER DOLLAR AMOUNT TO BUTCHER AND TO BUY THE BEEF UP FROM. WE DO–WE HAVE RAISED THEM TO BUTCHER, AND THEY USUALLY BUY IT FROM US, BUT THEN–BUT IN THE RECENT YEARS, THERE’S A GENTLEMAN THAT I SOLD ANIMALS TO, THAT HAS A NICE LITTLE MARKET, SO HE HAS THE BUTCHER, THE EVERYTHING, THE PACKAGE, AND HE’S ONLY SHOWCASING MINIATURE. THAT’S ALL HE DEALS WITH AND SO HE STASH AMY: SO YOU CAN ACTUALLY–THIS GUY ACTUALLY JUST BUTCHERS AND SELLS MINIATURE BREED MEAT? MINIATURE BREED MEAT. AND HE LIVES IN PENNSYLVANIA. HE COMES DOWN AND BUYS EVERY STEER THAT WE CAN PRODUCE, AND IT’S–THAT FITS US NOW IT’S SIMPLISTIC. HE’S GOT A NICE MARKET, CORNERED MARKET, AND HE’S DONE THE MARKETING AND THE SELLING, AND — AMY: RIGHT. OK. NOW, YOU GUYS HAVE KIDS, AND I KNOW THEY HELP OUT ON THE FARM, HOW DO YOU THINK THE MINI BREEDS PLAY IN WITH THE KIDS? THEY’VE GOT TO BE EASIER FOR THEM TO HANDLE.>>YOU’RE RIGHT. THEY’RE NOT AS INTIMIDATING. .HE INTIMIDATION F AMY: RIGHT. WHAT DO YOUR KIDS THINK ABOUT THE COWS ACCA DO THEY ENJOY WORKING WITH THEM?>>THEY LOVE THEM. I HAVE–MY OLDEST DAUGHTER, SHE’S REALLY THE COWGIRL. SHE IS–ALWAYS LIKED THEM FROM DAY SHE REALLY ENJOYS THE SHOWING ONE. PART OF IT. SHE’S 13 YEARS OLD. THE MIDDLE DAUGHTER, SHE’S ALWAYS THE GIRL, BUT IN THE LAST YEAR–SO SHE’S REALLY GOTTEN INTO SHOWING THE COWS, TOO. SO, THEY’RE AT THE AGE NOW WHERE THEY’RE DOING THEIR CHORES, AND THEY TAKING CARE OF THE HERD FOR ME. AMY: AND AT THAT SIZE, YOU FEEL MORE COMFORTABLE WITH THEM THAN BEING WITH A LARGER ANIMAL, I’M SURE?>>YES. IT DOES MAKE A DIFFERENCE. AMY NOW, YOU JUST MENTIONED YOUR : MIDDLE DAUGHTER BEING THE HORSE GIRL, AND WE HAVEN’T REALLY GOTTEN TO YOUR HORSES YET, BUT YOU GUYS ALSO HAVE RAISED A DIFFERENT–A FAIRLY DIFFERENT BREED OF HORSES. TELL US ABOUT THEM.>>THEY ARE CALLED HAFLINGERS. THEY’RE SMALL DRAFT BREED, AND WHEN I SAY SMALL, THEY’RE STILL AN AVERAGE SIZE HORSE. THEY’RE AROUND THIRTEEN AND A HALF TO FIFTEEN AND–HORSE. AND THEY’RE JUST A GOOD FAMILY HORSE. THEY’RE EASY-NATURED, THEY’RE PRETTY, THEY HAVE A FLAX–A WHITE MANE AND TAIL, AND SOME KIND OF A CHESTNUT COLOR, WHERE’S THERE DARK CHESTNUT LIGHT CHESTNUT. AND WE DRIVE THEM, EVEN MY MIDDLE DAUGHTER ENJOYS THE DRIVING PART. SHE CAN DRIVE MY TEAM. AMY: OK. SO YOU SAY SHE DRIVES YOUR TEAM, BUT WARE NECK A DO YOU–DO YOU PUT THEM ON PARADES? DO YOU–DO YOU RENT–DO YOU RENT THEM OUT FOR WEDDINGS OR WHAT DO YOU DO WITH THESE HORSES?>>I’VE DONE A LITTLE BIT OF BOTH. WE GO TO CERTAIN EVENTS, THES DIFFERENT EVENTS ON THE EAST COAST THAT WE GO, DRIVING EVENTS. ACTUALLY IN TWO WEEKS, THERE’S A PARADE HERE, WILL HAVE THEM ON THE PARADE. WE HAVE A STAGECOACH THAT LIKE TO HOOK UP TO IT. AND WE HA FLIKE, WE’LL DRAG THE FIELDSD WE HAVE A SICKLE BAR MOWER, WE’LL CUT THE GRASS AND HELP MAINTAIN THE FARM HERE WITH THEM. AMY: WELL, WHEN I WALKED INTO THE BARN, I SAW ALL OF THEIR HARNESS COLLARS UP THERE. YOU’VE GOT ENOUGH FOR A PRETTY GOOD TEAM OF HORSES.>>YES, WE DO. IF YOU YOUULD MAYBE , KNOW, CRAFT BREWERIES ARE REALLY IN, YOU CAN–MAYBE YOU COULD START YOUR OWN BREWERY AND HAVE YOUR OWN CLYDESDALE>>WE DO. WE–IN THE YEARS PAST, WE’VE HAD A FOUR HO HITCH OF THEM, SO FOUR AND WE WERE WORKING TOWARDS GIVING THE RIGHT FOUR HORSE HITCH TOGETHER NOW AS WE SPEAK. AMY OKAY. NOW, I KNOW FROM : SPEAKING WITH THEM OFF-CAME, THAT YOUR KIDS ARE INVOLVED IN 4-H, DO THEY SHOW ANY OF YOUR MINI BREEDS AT FAIRS OR IN OTHER SHOWS?>>THEY DO. HERE AT THE LOCAL LEVEL, THEY TAKE A MINI OUT TO THE SHOWS, AND THEY HAVE TO SHOW AGAI THE FULL-SIZE HEREFORDS, BUT THEY STILL ENJOY IT, AND THEY REPRESENT WELL. THEY LOVE TO GO. WE GO TO LOUISVILLE AND OHIO. IT’S THE CLOSEST MINIATURE–TRUE MINIATURE HEREFORD SHOWS HERE ON THESE COAST. AMY: WHEN THE MINI HEREFORDS ARE BORN, WHAT SIZE ARE THESE CALVES?>>OH, THEY’RE 25 TO 40 POUNDS. THEY’RE ADORABLE. AMY: IT’S ALMOST A SIZE OF A DOG, REALLY. WELL. THEY WOULD HAVE TO BE CUTE. THIS LITTLE GUY BEHIND US HERE IS ADORABLE, AND HE’S ABOUT FIVE MONTHS OLD, I THINK YOU SAID?>>FIVE TO SIX MONTHS OLD, YES. AMY: YEAH. THEY’RE GREAT.>>THAT’S MY BOY, HE’S FIVE YEARS OLD. THAT IS HIS PROJECT THIS YEAR. HE’S TAKING OWNERSHIP OF HIM. AND SHOWED HIM AT THE LOCAL FAIR, OH, THREE WEEKS AGO, SO. AMY AND HOW’D HE GET ALONG? :>>OF COURSE AT THAT AGE, THEY WONDERFUL. OF COURSE AT THAT L GET FIRST PLACE PRIZES BUT AMY: WELL, YOU CAN’T. THEY’RE JUST TOO CUTE. BETWEEN YOUR SONOW IT’S, YOU KNOW, IT’S A WINNER. SO WHAT ARE SOME OF THE DIFFERENCES WHEN YOU GO TO INVEST IN A SMALLER BREED THAT MIGHT BE A DIFFERENT COST AS COMPARED TO RAISING A LARGER BREED?>>WELL, THERE WOULD BE SOME SAVINGS AS FAR AS MAYBE UPFRONT COST OF THE DIFFERENT TYPE OF WORKING FACILITIES AND HANDLING THAT YOU WOULD NEED FOR THE ANIMAL. SECOND, WOULD BE THE–YOU MIGHT NOT NEED THE SAME CALIBER FENCING AS A–AS YOU NEED FOR A FULL-SIZE. OTHER THAN THAT, IT’S PROBABLY THE INTAKE IS A MAJOR DIFFERENCE IN A FULL-SIZE AND A MINIATURE. AMY: OK. AND THEN THAT’S UP TO YOU AS FAR AS WHAT YOU GRAZED AND IF YOU DECIDE TO GRAIN FEED?>>THAT’S RIGHT.>>CORRECT?>>YES. A COUPLE OF DIFFERENT AVENUES, PEOPLE–SOME MINIATURE BREEDERS ONLY ARE A GRASS-FED TYPE APPLICATION OR AN ALL-NATURAL THEY GO THAT WAY. PRODUCT. ; WHICH I THINK THE MAJORITY OF OUR FULL-SIZE ANIMALS ARE USUALLY GRASS AND THEN FINISHED ON GRAIN.>>THAT’S A TRUE STATEMENT. FOR THE MOST PART? ;FOR THE MOST PART?>>AND FOR OUR CUSTOMERS RIGHT HERE, THAT’S WHAT THEY PREFER. AMY: THE GRAIN FINISH?>>YES. THEY WANT SOMETHING THAT RESEMBLES WHAT THEY GO TO THE STORE TO PURCHASE, AND THEY DON’T CARE FOR THE GAMIER TASTE. AMY: RIGHT. AND THAT GRAIN FINISH HELPS PRODUCE MARBLING, DOESN’T IT?>>YES. IT DOES. AMY: OK. WHAT’S YOUR FAVORITE PART ABOUT HAVING THESE MINI HEREFORDS AROUND THE FARM?>>I’VE REALLY COME TO FIND THAT THEY’RE JUST WONDERFUL ANIMAL, AS FAR AS FROM THE REPRODUCTION ASPECT OF IT, THEY–THEY’RE–PEOPLE WORRIED ABOUT MAYBE PROBLEMS WITH REPRODUCTIVE. I FOUND THAT NOT TO BE TRUE. I ENJOY THE BREEDING PROCESS, PUTTING A AND B TOGETHER TO SEE WHAT SEED IS GOING TO BE. AMY SO ALL OF YOURS ARE BRED : ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION? WE DO SOME OF BOTH WE DO SOME E ARTIFICIAL BRENEW NTHERD. LLN OTHER THAN THAT, WE ANIMALS WITH. HERE ON THE EAST COAST IT’S NOT–THE NUMBERS ARE NOT HERE, SO I HAVE TO WORK AT KEEPING A VARIETY OF GENETICS SO THAT IF SOMEONE COMES TO US, THEY CAN BUY A NICE LITTLE PACKAGE OF UNRELATED ANIMALS. AMY: OK. DO YOU THINK THIS IS SOMETHING THAT’S GOING TO GROW? YOU SA THERE’S–THERE AREN’T REALLY THAT MANY HERE IN VIRGINIA, DO YOU THINK IT’S SOMETHIN GOING TO TAKE OFF SOON AND MORE PEOPLE ARE GOING TO BE RAISING THE MINI BREEDS?>>IT HAS, YES. AND WE’VE SEEN THAT IN THE LAST 13 YEARS. WE’VE BEEN INTO THIS 13 YEARS. AND WE’RE UP TO–WE KEEP ABOUT 65 TO 70 MATURE COWS ON OUR HERE. AND, YES, THE INTEREST IS ONLY IN THESE — AMY:>>DO YOU HAVE ANY WORDS OF ADVICE FOR SOMEONE WHO MAY BE INTERESTED IN RAISING, YOU KNOW, HOW MANY–YOU SAID, MAYBE TWO PER ACRE, TWO AND A HALF SMALL BREEDS PER ACRE? WHAT OTHER TYPE OF — >>THAT’S A QUESTION A LOT OF PEOPLE ASK. AND I DO ANSWER IT IN A COUPLE OF DIFFERENT WAYS. FIRST OFF, I FOUND THAT–FOR THEM TO GO FIND SOMEBODY THAT’S BEEN IN THE BREED A WHILE, THAT HAS AN UNDERSTANDING, AND COMMUNICATE MAYBE WHAT THEIR WANTS AND NEEDS ARE BECAUSE I FOUND MOST ALL THE MINIATURE BREEDERS ARE VERY GOOD HELPING YOU DO A LITTLE EDUCATION, KIND OF LEARN WHAT YOU THINK YOUR GOAL WOULD BE WITH THEM. AMY: RIGHT. AND YOUR GOAL IS WHAT? I KNOW YOU SELL SOME FOR MEAT BUT THEN YOUR OTHER IS TO SELL FOR BREEDING, FOR GENETICS, IS THAT CORRECT?>>YES, THERE’S A BEEF SIDE, A GENETIC SIDE, A SHOW SIDE, AND THEN JUST A PURE ENJOYMENT FUN SIDE. SO THAT’S OUR MARKET HERE ON THE EAST COAST. AMY: OK. ALL RIGHT. WELL, TIM, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR HAVING US OUT TODAY. WE SURE HAVE ENJOYED IT. YOUR HORSES IN YOUR CATTLE ARE>>WILL THANK YOU. AMY>>THEY’RE ALSO VERY : ADORABLE, IF I CAN SAY THAT, BECAUSE THEY’RE SMALL AND THEY’RE CUTE AND>>THIS GENTLEMAN IN SOUTHERN PINES JUST BOUGHT FOUR ANIMALS, AND HE TEXTED ME THE OTHER NIGHT, AND SAID, “THEY’RE ADORABLE. THEY’RE CUTE.” HE SAID, “CAN A CATTLE BE ADORABLE?” I SAID, “MOST DEFINITELY.” AMY: MOST. WE WILL BE RIGHT BACK.>>THANK YOU. AMY: WE WILL BE RIGHT BACK. ♪♪ AMY PRUNING EVERGREENS MAY SEEM : LIKE A DAUNTING TASK, BUT MARK VIETTE HAS TIPS. LET’S GO, IN THE GARDEN. MARK A COMMON QUESTION WE GET : IS, CAN I CUT DOWN OR TRIM SOME OF MY EVERGREENS THAT HAVE GOTTEN TOO BIG ESPECIALLY AROUND THE HOUSE OR MAYBE EVEN IN THE GARDEN? THE ANSWER IS PROBABLY NOT IF THEY ARE AROUND THE HOUSE. IN SOME CASES, A COMMON PLANT THAT THEY USE AROUND THE HOUSE IS EITHER HINOKI CYPRESS, ARBORVITAE, DWARF ALBERTA SPRUCE. AND TO TELL IF N PRUNE THESE OR NOT, THERE IS JUST, YOU KNOW, SORT OF A GENERAL GUIDELINE NOT FOOLPROOF , BUT CLOSE. SO YOU’RE–I’M JUST GOING TO SHOW YOU AN EXAMPLE HERE OF A BRANCH. PLANTS THAT YOU MIGHT WANT TO AVOID TRIMMING OR TRIMMING HARD ARE GOING TO BE PLANTS THAT SHOW E CANOPY. SO EVEN WHEN YOU PULL DOWN THESE BRANCHES AND YOU LOOK INSIDE, I SEE ALMOST NO GREEN OR VERY LITTLE GREEN IN THE WAY OF NEW SHOOTS. IF YOU WERE TO SEE A LOT OF GREEN SHOOTS UP AND DOWN THE STEM, THAT MIGHT BE AN INDICATION THAT, YES, YOU CAN STILL PRUNE IT BACK TO WH IT IS STILL GREEN. THE GENERAL GUIDELINE IS YOU CAN GO BACK THREE YEARS IF YOU DON’T KNOW. SO THREE YEARS IS ONLY ABOUT MAYBE FIVE INCHES AND YOU CAN TELL EVEN GOING HERE THREE YEARS, THERE’S NO GROWTH, SO THIS PLANT MAY NOT REGROW. SO WHAT YOU’RE GOING TO END UP WITH IS WHEN YOU’RE DONE PRUNING IT, YOU’RE JUST GOING TO END UP WITH A LOT OF STUBS. SO WHAT YOU DON’T WANT IS SOMETHING THAT LOOKS LIKE THIS BECAUSE, HONESTLY, YOU’RE GOING TO HAVE TO LIVE WITH IT ON THIS BEAUTIFUL YELLOW–BRIGHT YELLOW CHAMAECYPARIS. YOU COULD SEE LOTS OF GROWTH SORT OF AROUND THE OUTER EDGE. WHEN YOU PEEL BACK SOME OF THE EDGE AND LOOK INSIDE, THERE’S VERY FEW SHOOTS OR VERY LITTLE GREEN GROWING ON THE INSIDE. SO RIGHT AWAY, THIS SHOULD BE A SIGN TO YOU THAT YOU MIGHT WANT TO PRUNE THIS BUT IN THE CAUTIONARY WAY. IF YOU LOOK HERE, THERE’S VERY LITTLE GROWTH INSIDE AND WHAT YOU DON’T WANT TO END UP WITH IS LITTLE STUBS AND YOU CAN’T FIND THOSE. I PRUNED THIS OUT EARLIER AND MAYBE THREE YEARS AGO, THIS BRANCH WAS PRUNED HERE AND AS YOU CAN SEE, THERE IS NO GROWTH. THERE NEVER WILL BE GROWTH. SO IT’S REALLY IMPORTANT THAT YOU PAY ATTENTION TO THE WAY YOUR PLANTS GROW. IF THEY’RE FULL, THAT’S AN INDICATION IT CAN TAKE A LITTLE MORE WHACKING BACK. NOW, FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO DO LIKE TO WORK IN A GARDEN AND ARE LOOKING FOR SOMETHING TO DO, I’VE NOT FORGOTTEN ABOUT YOU. THIS IS ONE OF MY FAVORITE–IT’S A RATHER LARGE GROWING JUNIPER. IT’S JUNIPER HETZII OR THE HETZII JUNIPER AND IT IS ONE YOU CAN CUT BACK PRETTY HARD. SO COMPARED TO THE OTHERS, IF YOU LOOK AT THIS, LOOK AT ALL THE SHOOTS UP AND DOWN THE STEM. SO YOU CAN CUT THIS WAY BACK IN HERE, HERE, HERE, OR HERE TO GET YOUR WORKOUT FOR THE DAY. I’M MARK VIETTE, JOIN ME NEXT TIME IN THE GARDEN. AMY: TAKING A LOOK AT THE AG CALENDAR, VIRGINIA STATE UNIVERSITY’S COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE PRESENTS THE 2016 SMALL FARM SYMPOSIUM ON NOVEMBER 16TH IN DANVILLE. THERE WILL BE PRESENTATIONS ON MARKETING, VALUE ADDED, AND GAP CERTIFICATION, AS WELL AS A PANEL DISCUSSION AND LUNCHEON. THAT DOES IT FOR OUR SHOW. THANKS FOR WATCHINGAND CONTINU WATCHING, BECAUSE IN A FEW WEEKS, VIRGINIA FARMING IS GETTING A FACELIFTIN MORE WAYS THAN ONE. HAVE A GREAT WEEK EVERYONE. I’M AMY ROSCHER FOR VIRGINIA FARMING. ♪♪>>NINETY YEARS AGO, THE VIRGINIA FARM BUREAU MADE OUR LOCAL FARMERS A PROMISE TO PROTECT AND PRESERVE A WAY OF LIFE THEY WORKED SO HARD TO ESTABLISH. TODAY, OUR INSURANCE AGENTS WORK — MORE INFORMATION IS AT THE REMARKABLE SOYBEAN. FROM ITS OIL WE GET PRODUCTS LIKE INK, CANDLES, AND PAINT. WHEN YOU BUY SOY, YOU BUY SOY, YOU’RE HELPING TO SUPPORT AMER JOBWOULD BUSINESS IN FRONT OF RURAL AMERICA AND THE AG COMMUNITY EVERY WEEK? WE HAVE SPONSORSHIP OPPORTUNITIES AVAILABLE THE WILL DO JUST THAT. GET IN TOUCH WITH US TO “HATCH A NEW PLAN.” ♪♪

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